A companion to archaeology by J L Bintliff PDF

By J L Bintliff

ISBN-10: 0470998601

ISBN-13: 9780470998601

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Diachronic cultural entities have formative phases in which much variety is generated from multiple sources and gradually integrated into a pattern, which then remains relatively stable (Clarke 1968: 279). One way in which this often occurs is through the occupation of new ecological and/or social environments, resulting in rapid rates of change: ‘‘As this cumulative change progresses, the possible developmental trajectories or formats become increasingly restricted as the traits are highly integrated within a functional whole’’ (Clarke 1968: 253).

It is impossible here to describe the different strands in any detail, but we may distinguish two poles of the approach. One of them derives from the assumption that in evolutionary terms humans are like any other animal. Accordingly, as a result of natural selection, humans have a propensity to take decisions, consciously or otherwise, in the light of the costs and benefits of the consequences for their reproductive success or inclusive fitness. Culture makes little difference to this process because cultural behavior which leads to deviation from this cost-benefit calculus will not last very long.

Smith 1998. ’’ Current Anthropology 39: 141–73. Bourdieu, P. 1977. Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Boyd, R. and P. Richerson 1985. Culture and the Evolutionary Process. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. , M. Borgerhoff-Mulder, W. H. Durham, and P. J. Richerson 1997. ’’ In P. Weingart, S. D. Mitchell, P. J. Richerson, and S. ), Human By Nature, pp. 355–86. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Broughton, J. 1997. ’’ Antiquity 71: 845–62. Clarke, D. L. 1968. Analytical Archaeology.

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A companion to archaeology by J L Bintliff


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