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By Susan Hamen

As new medical discoveries resulted in more advantageous know-how, the United States quickly turned a contemporary, industrialized state. discover why half all business employees in this time have been young children ten years outdated and more youthful who did not attend college. How did this modification? via maps, charts, and timelines scholars will observe how greatly existence has replaced because the early 1800s. This name will let scholars to quote textual facts to help research of what the textual content says explicitly in addition to inferences drawn from the textual content.

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How did the textile industry change with the Industrial Revolution? 2. How did farming change with the Industrial Revolution? 3. What role did the steam engine play in the Industrial Revolution? 4. How did the railroad change America? 5. Why did workers form labor unions? 46 Glossary apprentice (uh-PREN-tiss): someone who is learning a skill or trade from an experienced worker assembly line (uh-SEM-blee line): arrangement in which work passes from one station or worker to the next so that products can be quickly assembled canals (kuh-NALZ): man-made waterways connecting bodies of water, such as lakes and rivers carded (KARD-id): cleaned and combed fibers, such as cotton, in preparation for spinning embargo (em-BAR-goh): a government order stopping trade with other countries export (EK-sport): to send food or goods to other countries industry (IN-duh-stree): the manufacturing, or making, of a particular item labor unions (LAY-bur YOON-yuhns): organizations of workers that fight for fair wages, benefits, and safe working conditions machinery (muh-SHEE-nuh-ree): devices that perform tasks mass-produced (MASS pruh-DOOSD): produced in large numbers by machinery monopoly (muh-NOP-uh-lee): an industry that is controlled by one person or company strike (STRIKE): to refuse to work until certain demands are met textile (TEK-stile): cloth, especially a woven cloth waterwheel (WAW-tur-weel): a large wheel turned by running water that produces power 47 Index assembly line 39 automobile(s) 9, 38, 39 Bell, Alexander Graham 28, 29 Bessemer, Henry 18 canal(s) 15, 18 Carnegie, Andrew 34, 35 cotton 7, 8, 12, 13, 15, 20, 23 Edison, Thomas 31 electricity 31 factories 8, 14, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, 23, 25, 27, 32, 33, 37 flying shuttle 13, 14 Ford, Henry 38, 39 Hargreaves, James 14 immigrant(s) 19, 22, 23, 25, 26, 33, 40 Kay, John 13 lightbulb 9, 31 Lowell, Francis Cabot 20 McCormick, Cyrus 32, 33 mill(s) 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 17, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 35 monopoly 33 Morse, Samuel 27, 28 Newcomen, Thomas 17 pollution 37, 40, 41 population 25, 31 railroad(s) 9, 10, 25, 26, 27, 33, 34 reaper 32, 33 Rockefeller, John D.

Soon, railroads, banking, sugar, tobacco, and farm machinery were controlled by monopolies. The company leaders were known as captains of industry. They were also called robber barons because they grew rich while their workers made little money. Underpaid workers and government officials believed it was wrong for one company to control an entire industry. The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 outlawed monopolies. The government broke up some of the large corporations. Yet, new large companies continued to form.

Men like Carnegie and Rockefeller donated millions of dollars to public libraries, schools, music halls, and medical research institutions. Rockefeller gave away approximately $540 million during his lifetime. Carnegie helped finance hundreds of libraries across the country. 34 Workers went on strike in order to secure better wages and working hours. This 1892 strike at Homestead Mill ended in violence. Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) Andrew Carnegie is remembered today for donating money to libraries.

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America Enters the Industrial Revolution by Susan Hamen


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