New PDF release: Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research

By Hanns J. Prem

ISBN-10: 058513359X

ISBN-13: 9780585133591

ISBN-10: 0874805368

ISBN-13: 9780874805369

Outlines the tremendously lengthy and intricate cultural background of Mesoamerica, in addition to the Andean continuum. It combines an outline of pre-Columbian old occasions and events with a attention of significant examine difficulties and efforts and locations the final flowering of indigenous complicated civizations inside of their respective geographic and sociocultural frameworks.

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At the head of society there were administration officials; possibly the same persons held the higher priestly offices (a theocratic system often is visualized). Their tasks were administration and organization of a large community that had to be supplied from the outside, planning of building concepts, and supervision of construction. Then there were artisans for shaping obsidian, manufacturing ceramics, building houses, painting murals, and making stone sculptures. Long-range traders saw to the flow of Teotihuacán merchandise to the borders of Mesoamerica.

The nobility, experienced in rituals and specialized techniques, seemed to have vanished. Reasons for the decline are still obscure. The simple hypotheses based on one main reason, which have so far been suggested in large numbers, usually are not satisfactory explanations. As far as can be recognized now there had to have been multileveled effect contexts, chief among them a drastically worsening ecological situation due to overuse of arable land. RESCUE ATTEMPTSA conspicuous omen of the collapse was something like the overheating of culture.

Page 14 Murals also served the same purpose. On the outskirts of ceremonial centers and in hamlets all over the countryside were the living quarters of the common people, made of wood, daub, and wattle with palm-thatched roofs, always standing on small platforms grouped around a courtyard. Population density of sites was only a fraction of that of Teotihuacán, considering the airy placement of structures (Tikal had possibly a mere sixty thousand inhabitants on 120 square kilometers), but overall there was a remarkably high number of settlers.

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Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research by Hanns J. Prem

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