Paul Bahn's Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short PDF

By Paul Bahn

ISBN-10: 0192853791

ISBN-13: 9780192853790

Who acknowledged that during brief we will be able to no longer do what's precious? this can be a publication extremely simple, very brief yet have been we will be able to research the fundamentals of Archaeology, and comprehend what an excellent paintings this is often.

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Pollen from deposits also produces sequences of climatic and vegetational change, but these tend to be fairly localized. And faunal dating – based on the presence of the bones of different animal species – was also an important method, particularly for Pleistocene archaeology (the study of the last Ice Age), as ‘cold’ and ‘warm’ species came and went with climatic and environmental changes. Producing sequences is all very well, but calendar dates – ‘absolute dates’ – are what archaeologists have always craved.

The very name we have given to the period – ‘Stone Age’ – may be misleading, and it might have been more realistic to call it the ‘Palaeoxylic’ or ‘Old Wood Age’. Certainly, analysis of the wear on many stone tools (see below) suggests that they were used simply for the procurement or working of organic materials. Which are what early technology was really based on. Of course, as always in archaeology, we have to make the best of a bad job, and instead of cursing the incompleteness of what has come down to us (‘a bad workman blames his tools’) we need to work with what we 25 have.

Chemical analysis of residues in amphorae (the great storage jars of the Roman period) has proved that many did contain 32 wine and olive oil, as had been assumed, but some contained wheat flour. Early evidence for wine – a subject very close to an archaeologist’s heart – has emerged from analysis of a yellowish residue inside a pottery jar from the neolithic site of Hajji Firuz Tepe, Iran, dating to about 5400 to 5000 bc. It has been identified as tartaric acid, found in nature almost exclusively in grapes, and this has therefore been taken as evidence of a resinated wine, the earliest in the world, 2000 years older than previously thought.

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Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) by Paul Bahn

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