Aleksander So??enicyn's Archipelag GU?ag: 1918-1956 PDF

By Aleksander So??enicyn

Archipelag GUŁAG: 1918-1956, próba dochodzenia literackiego (Архипелаг ГУЛАГ) – najważniejsze, trzytomowe dzieło Aleksandra Sołżenicyna, napisane w formie relacji historycznej, powstałe w latach 1958-1968. Na Zachodzie wydano je po raz pierwszy w 1973, zaś w Związku Radzieckim oficjalnie w 1989 (wcześniej funkcjonowało w obiegu podziemnym).

Jest ono wymownym świadectwem zbrodniczej działalności systemu komunistycznego w ZSRR. Autor, wykorzystując swoje doświadczenia, pokazał rozwój i rozprzestrzenianie się systemu więziennictwa radzieckiego, którego celem pierwotnym miała być "eliminacja wrogich klas społecznych". W konsekwencji powstał cały "archipelag" obozów koncentracyjnych i obozów morderczej pracy, nazwany od instytucji zarządzającej (Gławnoje Uprawlenije Łagierej) Archipelagiem GUŁag. Dzieło jest świadectwem stopniowego odzierania człowieka z jego godności i zmuszania do niewolniczej pracy pod bardzo wzniosłymi hasłami.

Na Zachodzie książka ta wywołała ogromne poruszenie, które doprowadziło do rozwiania iluzji na temat systemu komunistycznego oraz osłabienia wpływów komunistów zachodnioeuropejskich.

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Additional info for Archipelag GU?ag: 1918-1956

Sample text

He is most famous for his contention that in the summer of 1941 Stalin was preparing a pre-emptive strike on Germany. 6 According to Suvorov, all Soviet leaders were scoundrels, including Zhukov, whom he describes as a ‘war criminal’ because of the harsh disciplinary regime he imposed on his troops. Suvorov’s writings attacked Zhukov on three broad fronts. First, he assembled every negative statement about Zhukov’s personality made by members of the Soviet High Command: ‘All the top military leaders of the country were against Zhukov,’ concludes Suvorov.

1928 Birth of daughter Era. 1929 Birth of daughter Margarita. Attends Frunze Military Academy in Moscow. 1930 May: Promoted to command of 2nd Cavalry Brigade of the 7th Samara Division. 1931 February: Appointed Assistant Inspector of the Cavalry. 1933 March: Appointed commander of the 4th (Voroshilov) Cavalry Division. 1937 Birth of daughter Ella. July: Appointed commander of the 3rd Cavalry Corps in Belorussia. 1938 June: Appointed Deputy Commander of the Belorussian Military District. 1939 May: Posted to the Mongolian–Manchurian border.

He is frank about his unpreparedness for the position of Chief of the General Staff when he was appointed. The disaster of 22 June 1941 is depicted as a fundamental failure of the overly offensive orientation of Soviet military doctrine and preparation for war. He is also much freer in his criticism of his peers, especially those generals who had sided with Khrushchev at the October 1957 plenum. 27 A particular detail worth noting here is Zhukov’s variant account of his departure from the post of Chief of the General Staff in July 1941.

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Archipelag GU?ag: 1918-1956 by Aleksander So??enicyn


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