By Lisa Noelle Cooper, Karen E. Sears (auth.), Rick A. Adams, Scott C. Pedersen (eds.)
Recent advances within the examine of bats have replaced the best way we comprehend this illusive crew of mammals. This quantity encompass 25 chapters and fifty seven authors from world wide all writing at the most up-to-date discovering at the evolution, ecology and conservation of bats. The chapters during this ebook should not meant to be exhaustive literature studies, yet in its place prolonged manuscripts that carry new and clean views. Many chapters encompass formerly unpublished info and are repetitive of recent insights and figuring out in bat evolution, ecology and conservation. All chapters have been peer-reviewed and revised by way of the authors. the various chapters are multi-authored to supply complete and authoritative assurance of the topics.
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Extra info for Bat Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation
In addition, it appears that the use of ultrasound in these shrews has evolved to a state allowing for its use in navigation and potentially the identification of objects in the environment. Thus, it seems more probable to us that bats inherited primitive sonar from their ancestor and built upon this foundation to produce the exquisite echolocation exhibited by extant species, rather than the likelihood that bats reinvented this ability from scratch. Likewise, other aspects commonly associated with bat evolution such as nocturnal activity, high metabolic rates, and reduced visual acuity were inherited from a shrewlike ancestor.
Whatever the case, the transition from nonvolant to volant form, both ontogenetically and evolutionarily, would require minimizing maladaptive discordance between form and function (Norberg 1990). Inherent control of roll, pitch, and yaw angles during gliding or powered flight (Fig. 1) must be maintained and is governed by an individual’s ability to passively induce opposing forces to deviations in the angles of rotation and to serially dampen out oscillations that would perturb the intended flight trajectory (Maynard Smith 1952).
E. Sears Stopper GF, Wagner GP (2005) Of chicken wings and frog legs: a smorgasbord of evolutionary variation in mechanisms of tetrapod limb development. Dev Biol 288:21–39 Sun X, Mariani FV, Martin GR (2002) Functions of FGF signalling from the apical ectodermal ridge in limb development. Nature 418:501–508 Swartz SM (1997) Allometric patterning in the limb skeleton of bats: implications for the mechanics and energetics of powered flight. J Morphol 234(3):277–294 Swartz SM, Middleton KM (2008) Biomechanics of the bat limb skeleton: scaling, material properties and mechanics.
Bat Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation by Lisa Noelle Cooper, Karen E. Sears (auth.), Rick A. Adams, Scott C. Pedersen (eds.)