New PDF release: Best Practices for Photovoltaic Household Electrification

By Anil Cabraal, Mac Cosgrove-Davies, Loretta Schaeffer

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8 million people in rural areas of developing countries were still without grid-based electricity. 2 Grid-based electricity is more expensive in rural than in urban areas due to lower load densities, lower capacity utilization rates, and often higher energy losses. Rural customers increase the costs of generating electricity disproportionately, since rural areas add to the evening system peak, when power is more expensive. , areas with low population density), alternative approaches are necessary in order to meet rural electricity needs in the least expensive way.

These included unreliable technical performance, organizational and cost recovery problems, and user dissatisfaction resulting from unrealized expectations. More recent projects utilizing improved systems have incorporated lessons learned from these experiences and are performing quite well. As a result, the number of PV programs has grown substantially. About 400,000 solar home systems are now installed worldwide. These include 50,000 in China, 40,000 in Mexico, 20,000 in Kenya, 20,000 in Indonesia, 10,000 in Brazil, 4,500 in Sri Lanka, 4,000 in the Dominican Republic, 4,000 in the Pacific Islands, and 1,000 on the Navajo reservations in the southwest United States.

These include 50,000 in China, 40,000 in Mexico, 20,000 in Kenya, 20,000 in Indonesia, 10,000 in Brazil, 4,500 in Sri Lanka, 4,000 in the Dominican Republic, 4,000 in the Pacific Islands, and 1,000 on the Navajo reservations in the southwest United States. Box 1-1 Government Initiatives in Indonesia In Indonesia, the government-supported BANPRES Project has installed more than 3,300 solar homes systems in 13 provinces since 1991. The project has also led to commercially oriented initiatives and additional government-sponsored programs that have installed nearly 20,000 systems to date.

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Best Practices for Photovoltaic Household Electrification Programs: Lessons from Experiences in Selected Countries (World Bank Technical Paper) by Anil Cabraal, Mac Cosgrove-Davies, Loretta Schaeffer


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