Read e-book online Beyond the Steppe And the Sown: Proceedings of the 2002 PDF

By L.M. Popova (Editor), A.T. Smith (Editor) D.L. Peterson (Editor)

ISBN-10: 9004146105

ISBN-13: 9789004146105

ISBN-10: 9047408217

ISBN-13: 9789047408215

During this selection of 29 articles, best researchers and a iteration of recent students sign up for jointly in wondering the dominant opposing dichotomy in Eurasian archaeology of the 'steppe and sown,' whereas forging new methods which combine neighborhood and worldwide visions of old tradition and society within the steppe, mountain, barren region and maritime coastal areas of Eurasia. This ground-breaking quantity demonstrates the good fortune of lately validated overseas examine courses and demanding situations readers with a large choice of unpolluted new views. The articles are very easily divided into 4 sections on neighborhood and international views, local stories, New instructions in conception and perform, and Paleoecology and setting, and canopy a large interval from the Copper Age to early Mediaeval occasions within the self sustaining States of the previous USSR, in addition to Turkey, China and Mongolia.

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Most fundamentally, kurgan or raised earthen barrows are not characteristic of northern Mesopotamia, but pre-Maikop kurgans have been excavated in the central northern Caucasus and in the Kuban area. They also appear on the middle and lower Don on sites of the so-called Konstantinovka culture, some materials of which, such as the characteristic asymmetric flint arrowheads, show clear parallels with Maikop remains (Rassamakin 1999, 117–22). The Maikop settlements with their relatively thin cultural deposits, light-framed, clay-plastered wattle-and-daub houses, some of which were supported with wooden posts, and many of which contain numerous pits hardly recall typical Mesopotamian building traditions and techniques.

Another factor may also have been at work. Some peoples were not only moving south out of the Caucasus, but others seem to have been moving into Transcaucasia from the north – at least at some point in the first half of the 3rd millennium (see the new calibrated dates for the ‘early kurgan cultures’ of Transcaucasia: Kavtaradze 1999, 81; and the discussion in Trifonov 2001, 79–80). It is hard to distinguish cause from effect here: did peoples move into the rich Alazani and Kura valleys because others had moved out or were the Kura-Araxes peoples moving south due to the incursions of peoples from farther north?

Our discussion will be limited to some observations concerning differences between the Early Bronze Maikop and Kura-Araxes cultural formations and will briefly describe some features of the metals produced by these Early Bronze cultures. Munchaev (1994, 178, 174) estimates that roughly 150 Maikop burial complexes have been excavated, while there are only some 30 or fewer known 18 PHILIP L. KOHL Maikop settlements, only a few of which have been substantially excavated. Korenevskii (2001, 24), who considers the Meshoko-related fortified settlements in the piedmont and mountains with their distinctive ceramics with the so-called ‘pearl’ (zhemchuzhina) ornamentation to pre-date the Maikop formation, reduces the number of known Maikop settlements to 17 (Korenevskii 2001, 11).

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Beyond the Steppe And the Sown: Proceedings of the 2002 University of Chicago Conference on Eurasian Archaeology (Colloquia Pontica) by L.M. Popova (Editor), A.T. Smith (Editor) D.L. Peterson (Editor)

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