By Shi Cheng (auth.)
This ebook is a entire and confident learn of the exact development of China's industrialization and fiscal improvement, protecting the entire suitable, major rules (more than 100) from 1949 to the twenty-first century.
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Extra resources for China’s Rural Industrialization Policy: Growing Under Orders Since 1949
The main measures to centralize government ﬁnance • Unifying government ﬁnance and revenue and expenditure Focusing on ﬁscal revenue, the state would collect all national government revenue such as public grain and tax, except a small part of authorized public grain and tax revenue, about 5–15 percent, which was levied by local government. No one could use the revenue without the Ministry of Finance’s permit. In ﬁscal disbursement, the state formulated uniﬁed national personnel and wage standards and no one could increase personnel, organizations or expense for economic development without an agreement from the state.
Many industrial daily necessities such as enamel basins, water cups, thermos bottles which farmers could not afford in the past had already started to enter farmer households generally. Rural electricity consumption also had quick growth, doubling from 21 million kWh in 1949 to 43 million kWh in 1952. China also initiated a mass anti-illiteracy campaign. More than 4 million people got out of illiteracy; most of them were farmers (Liu and Wu, 1985, p. 77). The recovery and development of the rural economy and handicrafts laid a good foundation for China’s rural industry.
1, pp. 475–6). On 4 April 1951, Chen Yun pointed out again that the ﬁrst thing in ﬁnance and economics work was the interchange of urban and rural products. Why we should put the interchange in the ﬁrst place? Because we received a tattered old China, an economy mainly agricultural. The so-called interchange of urban and rural products is, ﬁrst, to take the agricultural and local products from farmers, then sell urban industrial products to farmers. The interchange beneﬁts to farmers, urban industry and commerce, and also the state … taking the total grain yield last year as 240 billion catties, the revenue of local products is about 24 billion catties of grain.
China’s Rural Industrialization Policy: Growing Under Orders Since 1949 by Shi Cheng (auth.)