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By Geoffrey de Ste. Croix, Michael Whitby, Joseph Streeter

ISBN-10: 0199278121

ISBN-13: 9780199278121

This quantity brings jointly seven seminal papers through the nice radical historian Geoffrey de Ste. Croix, who died in 2000, on early Christian themes, with a different concentrate on persecution and martyrdom. Christian martyrdom is a subject which inspires prepared photos of inhumane persecutors faced via Christian heroes who perish for the immediate yet win the long term conflict for attractiveness. In 5 of those essays Ste. Croix scrutinizes the proof to bare the numerous function of Christians themselves, first as volunteer martyrs and later, after the triumph of Christianity within the early fourth century, as organizers of even more powerful persecutions. A 6th essay pursues the query of the regulate of Christianity via a finished research of the context for one of many Church's most vital and divisive doctrinal judgements, on the Council of Chalcedon (AD 451); the main position of the emperor and his senior secular officers is printed, opposite to the existing interpretation of Church historians. eventually the attitudes of the early Church in the direction of estate and slavery are reviewed, to teach the divide among the Gospel message and genuine perform.

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Jones, ‘The Roman Civil Service (clerical and sub-clerical grades)’, JRS 39 (1949), 38–55, at 46 [repr. in idem, Studies in Roman Government and Law (Oxford, 1960), 151–75, at 164–5; see also The Later Roman Empire, 284–602: A Social, Economic and Administrative Survey (Oxford, 1964), 564–5]; N. H. Baynes, ‘The Great Persecution’, in S. A. Cook, F. E. Adcock, M. P. Charlesworth, and N. H. D. 193–324 (Cambridge, 1939), 646–77, at 666 and nn. 1–4. -H. Schwarte, ‘Die Christengesetze Valerians’, in W.

Giardina, ‘Esplosione di tardoantico’, Studi Storici, 40 (1999), 157–80, at 167 and n. 35; and Cameron, ‘The ‘‘Long’’ Late Antiquity’, esp. 171–2. 32 Persecution and Martyrdom fact-based epistemology, such as in his assertion that the Church is a ‘theological’ and not a ‘historical’ concept,111 and his frequent denunciation of later Christian hagiography as ‘worthless’ since it does not provide accurate information on actual events. The Wrst of these contentions is clearly false: ‘the Christian Church’ is a historical concept, even if one that does not denote any objective reality.

Demandt, Der Fall Roms: die AuXo¨sung des ro¨mischen Reiches im urteil der Nachwelt (Munich, 1984), 246–73. 90 Ste. Croix, review of Frend, Martyrdom and Persecution, JTS 18 (1967), 217–21, at 217. See also Peter Brown’s contemporary description of the disciplinary background to his 1967 biography of Augustine as ‘that rather lonely and precarious bridge . . between ancient and medieval history, between the disciplines of the historian, the theologian and the philosopher’; Brown, Augustine of Hippo: A Biography, rev.

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Christian Persecution, Martyrdom, and Orthodoxy by Geoffrey de Ste. Croix, Michael Whitby, Joseph Streeter


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