By Peter S. Ashton (auth.), Peggy L. Fiedler, Subodh K. Jain (eds.)
• • • John Harper • • • Nature conservation has replaced from an idealistic philosophy to a major expertise. Ecology, the technology that underpins the technol ogy of conservation, continues to be too immature to supply all of the knowledge that it needs to. it truly is debatable that the will to preserve nature will in itself strength the self-discipline of ecology to spot primary prob lems in its clinical ambitions and techniques. In go back, ecologists are able to supply a few insights that make conservation extra potential (Harper 1987). the concept that nature (species or groups) is worthy preserv ing rests on numerous basic arguments, really the argu ment of nostalgia and the argument of human gain and wish. Nostalgia, in fact, is a robust emotion. With a few striking ex ceptions, there's often a sense of dismay at a transformation within the sta tus quo, no matter if it's the lack of a spot within the nation for jogging or rambling, the lack of a portray or architectural monument, or that one won't ever back have the opportunity to work out a specific species of poultry or plant.
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Additional info for Conservation Biology: The Theory and Practice of Nature Conservation Preservation and Management
This classification, though not bearing directly on actual causes of rarity, is noteworthy because it points to difficulties in working with rare entities in general, and rare organisms in "the field" in particular. Although the classification is more immediately relevant to highly vagile organisms such as birds, it provokes interesting questions concerning the validity of relative abundances of rare species in plant inventories. THE CLASSIFICATION Formal Definition and Partitioning of the Problem Using the word "rare" in population biology is really a statement about the distribution and abundance of a particular species or population.
Grant, 497-518. New York: Academic Press. - - - . 1989a. Species richness in tropical forests. In Tropical forests, ed. B. C Nielsen, and H. Balslev, 239-51. New York: Academic Press. - - - . 1989b. Dipterocarp reproductive biology. In Ecosystems of the world. 14B. Tropical rainforest ecosystems, ed. H. A. Werger, 21940. New York: Elsevier. S. N. R. A. Fitzpatrick, and J. Tinsley. 1987. Site characteristics and the distribution of the species in mixed Dipterocarp forests on tertiary sediments in central Sarawak, Malaysia.
Connell proposed an "intermediate disturbance hypothesis" for optimization of species richness. 1 b). Conversely, infrequent, slight, or small-scale disturbances will reduce the total number of species in gaps by encouraging the gradual increase of areal dominance by a few species in old-growth forest. Note that Connell's predictions of competitive exclusion at low disturbance levels are therefore in agreement with (and in some sense equivalent to) Tilman's predictions for sites where soil nutrients are not limiting.
Conservation Biology: The Theory and Practice of Nature Conservation Preservation and Management by Peter S. Ashton (auth.), Peggy L. Fiedler, Subodh K. Jain (eds.)