By Francois Molle, Tira Foran, Mira Kakonen
The catchment quarter of the Mekong River and its tributaries extends from China, via Burma/Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and to Vietnam. The water assets of the Mekong zone - from the Irrawaddy and Nu-Salween within the west, around the Chao Phraya to the Lancang-Mekong and crimson River within the east- are more and more contested. Governments, businesses, and banks are riding new investments in roads, dams, diversions, irrigation schemes, navigation amenities, strength vegetation and different trademarks of traditional 'development'. Their plans and interventions may still offer a few merits, but in addition pose a number of burdens and hazards to thousands of individuals depending on wetlands, floodplains and aquatic assets, particularly, the wild trap fisheries of rivers and lakes. This ebook examines how large-scale tasks are being proposed, justified, and outfitted. How are such initiatives contested and the way do particular governance regimes impact selection making? The e-book additionally highlights the emergence of latest actors, rights and trade-off debates, and the social and environmental outcomes of 'water assets development'. This e-book exhibits how varied, and sometimes adversarial, ideologies and pursuits are contesting for legitimacy. It argues that the distribution of decision-making, political, and discursive energy affects how the waterscapes of the zone will finally glance and the way merits, expenditures and hazards should be disbursed. those concerns are an important for the transformation of waterscapes and the customers for democratizing water governance within the Mekong area. The ebook is a part of the action-research of the M-POWER (Mekong application on Water, atmosphere and Resilience) wisdom community. released with IFAD, CG|AR problem application on Water & meals, M-POWER, undertaking ECHEL-EAU and HEINRICH BOLL STIFTUNG
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Additional info for Contested Waterscapes in the Mekong Region: Hydropower, Livelihoods and Governance
Other global factors – particularly rising oil prices and the growing carbon offset market – have increased large hydropower’s attractiveness in the eyes of the region’s governments. Over the decades, the World Bank and the ADB have played a significant role in shaping the region’s electricity sector and in promoting hydropower. They have done this through hosting meetings between key decision-makers; supporting technical studies that promote hydropower development and the regional integration of power systems; offering financial, legal and other forms of expert advice; providing concessional loans,1 grants, and risk guarantees; and brokering public–private financing deals.
In 2002, the ADB consolidated its plan for a regional transmission grid with a second study that recommended a US$43 billion generation and high-voltage transmission system in the Mekong region fuelled exclusively by hydropower, with 12 dams in Cambodia, China, Laos and Myanmar (Norconsult, 2002). The ADB-led plan gained political momentum in 2002 at the first GMS summit when the GMS country leaders signed the Intergovernmental Agreement on Regional Power Trade, committing to establishing a regional power market.
And Mørck-Jensen, K. (2006) National Interests and Transboundary Water Governance of the Mekong, Australian Mekong Resource Centre in association with DANIDA and the University of Sydney, Australia Hori, H. (2000) The Mekong: Environment and Development, United Nations University, United Nations University Press, Tokyo, Japan Interim Committee (1990) Mekong Mainstream Development Possibilities: Summary Report, Mekong Secretariat, Bangkok IRN (International Rivers Network) (1999) ‘Power struggle: The impacts of hydro development in Laos’, Rivers Network, February 1999 Jenkins, D.
Contested Waterscapes in the Mekong Region: Hydropower, Livelihoods and Governance by Francois Molle, Tira Foran, Mira Kakonen