Download PDF by Koh Khee Meng, Tay Eng Guan: Counting (2nd Edition)

By Koh Khee Meng, Tay Eng Guan

ISBN-10: 9812380639

ISBN-13: 9789812380630

Booklet Description
Publication Date: January 25, 2013
This publication in its moment version is an invaluable, appealing creation to easy counting innovations for top secondary to undergraduate scholars, in addition to lecturers. more youthful scholars and lay those that relish arithmetic, let alone avid puzzle solvers, also will locate the ebook fascinating. many of the difficulties and purposes listed here are sturdy for increase skillability in counting. also they are important for honing easy abilities and methods usually challenge fixing. a few of the difficulties keep away from regimen and the diligent reader will frequently notice multiple method of fixing a specific challenge, that is certainly an enormous expertise in challenge fixing. The e-book therefore is helping to offer scholars an early begin to studying problem-solving heuristics and pondering skills.

New chapters initially from a supplementary publication were additional during this variation to considerably bring up the insurance of counting ideas. the hot chapters comprise the main of Inclusion and Exclusion, the Pigeonhole precept, Recurrence kinfolk, the Stirling Numbers and the Catalan Numbers. a couple of new difficulties have additionally been extra to this edition.

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Example text

Among them, 9 are from the unions. In how many ways can a 7'-member committee be formed from these participants in each of the following cases: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) there are no restrictions? there is no unionist in the committee? the committee consists of unionists only? there is exactly one unionist in the committee? there is at least one unionist in the committee? Solution (i) This is the number of 7-element subsets of a 19-element set. By definition, the desired number is ( 7 ) . (ii) This is the number of ways to form a 7-member committee from the 10 non-unionists.

Solution (i) This is the number of 7-element subsets of a 19-element set. By definition, the desired number is ( 7 ) . (ii) This is the number of ways to form a 7-member committee from the 10 non-unionists. Thus, the desired number is (17°). (iii) Obviously, the desired number is ( 7 ). (iv) We first select a member from the 9 unionists and then select the remaining 6 from the 10 non-unionists. By (MP), the desired number tafflff)=8ffl- 30 Counting (v) There are 7 cases to consider, namely, having r unionists, where r = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7.

Nri-« As rc! p n = r (n - r)\ ' we have n \ •r! = n! 6 ) = 6S! 9 4 ! = H92052400. (5-2)! 3! V / Note that when r = 0 or n, we have ; - i - ; , . i . Again, by convention, we define = 1. 6) Thus, (™) = («>) = 45 and Q = ^f) = 1192052400. Subsets and Arrangements 23 We define P™ as the number of r-permutations and (") as the number of r-element subsets of N n . Actually, in these definitions, N n can be replaced by any n-element set since it is the number of the elements but not the nature of the elements in the set that matters.

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Counting (2nd Edition) by Koh Khee Meng, Tay Eng Guan

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