By Bruce J. Bourque
New England archaeology has no longer continually been everyone's cup of tea; in simple terms past due within the Golden of nineteenth-century archaeology, as archaeology's concentration grew to become westward, did a number of pioneers glance northward besides, inflicting a quick flurry of research and excavation. among 1892 and 1894, Charles C. Willoughby did a few exemplary excavations at 3 small burial websites in Bucksport, Orland, and Ellsworth, Maine, and made a few types of that task for exhibition on the Chicago World's reasonable. those actions have been inspired by way of E Putnam, director of the Harvard Peabody Museum and head of anthropology on the "Columbian" Exposition. Even previous, one other director of the Peabody, Jeffries Wyman, spawned a few genuine curiosity within the shellheaps of the Maine coast, yet that didn't final very lengthy. Twentieth-century New England archaeology, in particular in Maine, was--for its first fifty years--rather low key too, with short-lived yet vital job by way of Arlo and Oric (a Bates Harvard scholar) sooner than international warfare Later, I. one other Massachusetts establishment, the Peabody beginning at Andover, took a few minor yet dependable steps towards extra realizing of the area's prehistoric past.
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Additional info for Diversity and Complexity in Prehistoric Maritime Societies: A Gulf of Maine Perspective
Excavation proceeded by opening 5-ft 2 sections, usually assigned to one excavator. Generally, excavators of each section worked independently. Where extensive, complex features were encountered, however, the simultaneous, coordinated excavation of several contiguous sections was sometimes attempted. Although partially successful, we found this approach difficult to expand very far because even the most obvious features merged with others or became difficult to trace for other reasons. Furthermore, the deeper the surface under scrutiny, the more time consuming the excavation of overlying midden became.
5)--did not. Furthermore, when the same materials were abundant in more than one stratum, their horizontal distributions showed a strong tendency toward congruence, suggesting that the stratigraphically inferior cluster was the immediate source for the superior one. 2). 1. 2. 6 qncluding pottery, scrapers, bone points, beaver tooth knives, bifaces, hammerstones, and plummets. qncludes 9 from stone or bone bags. been trodden into shell-free ones, or when such discontinuities were difficult to discern during excavation.
Because stratification of these sites was complex and finely structured, arbitrary levels were not used. Generally, Ritchie recorded both point provenience and stratigraphic descriptions for all important artifacts. More ubiquitous items, such as flaking debris and bone refuse, were provenienced by section and stratigraphic level or by numbered feature. In addition to noting stratigraphic associations, depth-below-surface was recorded for all significant materials and features. Stratigraphic sections, by contrast, were drawn with reference to a local horizon above the surface, defined by line level, and ultimately keyed into a topographic map of the site.
Diversity and Complexity in Prehistoric Maritime Societies: A Gulf of Maine Perspective by Bruce J. Bourque