By Gilbert R. Austin and Allen J. Edwards (Auth.)
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Extra resources for Early Childhood Education. An International Perspective
Current practice in today's kindergartens provides as much freedom as possible for individual development under the care of responsible adults. Since 1860, preprimary enrollment has grown much more rapidly than the rate of population increase. Compulsory education at age 7 became law in 1900. In 1955, the law established a program for preprimary education. Summary In general, most of the countries initiated preschool education out of a need to provide health and welfare care for poor children. The noted exception is 32 3 EARLY C H I L D H O O D EDUCATION IN EIGHT OECD COUNTRIES Canada where ECE programs were originally developed to provide for the educational needs of wealthy children.
Early child care centers, established in 1800, were designed to provide psychohygienic care and were used extensively by people of all economic classes who could afford the small fee. Unfortunately, official plans for teacher supervision of the untrained staff in the elementary schools were never practiced. Conditions deteriorated to such a degree that by the end of the nineteenth century physicians were alarmed and corrective legislation was introduced. The ideas of Froebel and Montessori greatly influenced preprimary education in The Netherlands.
Separate country reports reflecting the work done under 1 and 2 were written. These reports were sent to experts in each country and to the appropriate ministers for review. The general format of this review sought information in the following areas of concern: 1. Relationship between historical perspectives on preschool education and current ECE programs. 2. Knowledge about the increased demand for ECE: a. Size of household b. Reproduction rates c. Labor force changes d. Preschool enrollments 3.
Early Childhood Education. An International Perspective by Gilbert R. Austin and Allen J. Edwards (Auth.)