By Simón Bolívar
Normal Simón Bolívar (1783-1830), referred to as El Liberator, and infrequently the "George Washington" of Latin the USA, used to be the best hero of the Latin American independence flow. His victories over Spain gained independence for Bolivia, Panama, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Bolívar grew to become Columbia's first president in 1819. In 1822, he turned dictator of Peru. top Peru grew to become a separate country, which was once named Bolivia in Bolívar's honor, in 1825. The structure, which he drew up for Bolivia, is one in all his most vital political pronouncements. at the present time he's remembered all through South the United States, and in Venezuela and Bolivia his birthday is a countrywide holiday.
even supposing Bolívar by no means ready a scientific treatise, his essays, proclamations, and letters represent one of the most eloquent writing no longer of the independence interval on my own, yet of any interval in Latin American background. His research of the region's primary difficulties, principles on political association and suggestions for Latin American integration are suitable and greatly learn this day, even between Latin american citizens of all nations and of all political persuasions. The "Cartagena Letter," the "Jamaica Letter," and the "Angostura Address," are commonly mentioned and reprinted.
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Additional resources for El Libertador: Writings of Simón Bolívar
Liberty in moderation, as appeared to be practiced in the United States, was widely viewed as a good thing, but the violence and active anticlericalism of the French Revolution were a different matter; and while some Venezuelans saw the eradication of white domination and human slavery in Haiti as an example worth following in their country, for that very same reason the Haitian Revolution evoked a diametrically opposite reaction among most Venezuelan whites, slaveowners or not. Although Bolívar belonged to the creole landowning elite and owned slaves, one cannot take for granted that he shared the fear of a Haitianstyle slave uprising that consumed other members of his class nor that he showed the same repugnance at the social and economic advancement achieved by select members of the free colored population.
This victory delivered to the republicans not only the former viceregal capital but the greatest part of Andean New Granada. Not quite two years later, in the Battle of Carabobo (24 June 1821), Bollvar broke the back of royalist resistance in Venezuela and was able to return in triumph to Caracas, his hometown. In the following year, the presidency of Quito or modern Ecuador was liberated by forces under the command of Bollvar’s favorite lieutenant, Antonio José de Sucre, but Bollvar’s own advance through southern New Granada, culminating in the pyrrhic victory of Bomboná, had increased the pressure on Quito’s royalist defenders.
This was a unique period unlike the process of nation formation in Europe and one that should be more familiar than it is to students of comparative politics, history, and literature. The image of the nation was envisioned by the lettered classes—a minority in countries in which indigenous, mestizo, black, or mulatto peasants and slaves predominated—although there were also alternative nationalisms at the grassroots level. The cultural elite were well educated in European thought and letters, but as statesmen, journalists, poets, and academics, they confronted the problem of the racial and linguistic heterogeneity of the continent and the difficulties of integrating the population into a modern nation–state.
El Libertador: Writings of Simón Bolívar by Simón Bolívar