By Martin Dressel
During this ebook the authors completely talk about the optical houses of solids, with a spotlight on electron states and their reaction to electrodynamic fields. Their evaluation of the propagation of electromagnetic fields and their interplay with condensed subject is through a dialogue of the optical houses of metals, semiconductors, and superconductors. Theoretical options, dimension suggestions and experimental effects are coated in 3 interrelated sections. the amount is meant to be used via graduate scholars and researchers within the fields of condensed topic physics, fabrics technology, and optical engineering.
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Additional resources for Electrodynamics of Solids: Optical Properties of Electrons in Matter
3a), and therefore parallel to the surface of the material; second, the electric field is in the plane of incidence15 (Fig. 3b). 4d) give E 0i +E 0r −E 0t = 0 and (E 0i −E 0r ) cos ψi − ( 1 /µ1 )1/2 E 0t cos ψt = 0. 7a) . 4d) lead to (E 0i − E 0r ) cos ψi − E 0t cos ψt = 0 and (E 0i + E 0r ) − ( 1 /µ1 )1/2 E 0t = 0. 7c) . 7d) 1/2 1/2 These formulas are valid for Nˆ complex. To cover the general case of an interface between two media (the material parameters of the first medium are indicated by a prime: 1 = 1, µ1 = 1, σ1 = 0; and the second medium without: 1 = 1, µ1 = 1, σ1 = 0), the following replacements in Fresnel’s formulas are sufficient: Nˆ → Nˆ / Nˆ and µ1 → µ1 /µ1 .
In Appendix B we explain how even this drawback of the definition can be overcome. 4 Changes of electromagnetic radiation at the interface 43 The real part RS , the surface resistance, determines the power absorption in the metal; the surface reactance X S accounts for the phase difference between E and J. Since the ratio of electric field to current density corresponds to a resistivity, the surface impedance can be interpreted as a resistance. Although mainly used in the characterization of the high frequency properties of metals, the concept of surface impedance is more general and is particularly useful if the thickness of the medium d is much larger than the skin depth δ0 .
D. M. P. Pitaevskii, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media, 2nd edition (Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, 1984) [Lan78] R. J. A. Stern, Phys. Rev. R. J. Harrison, Phys. Rev. L. H. M¨uller, Surf. Sci. F. M. A. A. van Tiggelen, Nature 381, 54 (1996); Phys. Rev. Lett. R. V. J. D. Swalen, The Attenuated Total Reflection Method, in: Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, Vol. D. Palik (Academic Press, Orlando, FL, 1991), p. 75 [Ste63] F. Stern, Elementary Theory of the Optical Properties of Solids, in: Solid State Physics 15, edited by F.
Electrodynamics of Solids: Optical Properties of Electrons in Matter by Martin Dressel