By Gerald E. Poyo
“Poyo led nationalist efforts within the exile group in Florida for over thirty years and was once a fierce recommend for the reason either earlier than and after, in addition to along, José Martí. Poyo’s major yet principally unheralded position within the [Cuban] independence move absolutely involves gentle during this completely researched book.”—Anne Fountain, writer of José Martí and U.S. Writers
“A must-read for these drawn to the Cuban émigré colony of Key West in the course of the 19th century and its involvement within the warfare of 1895 in Cuba.”—Consuelo E. Stebbins, writer of City of Intrigue, Nest of Revolution
José Dolores Poyo (1836–1911) used to be an activist, writer, social critic, fundraiser, and foundational determine within the crusade for Cuban independence from Spain. His management and his mantra—“adelante l. a. revolución” (forward the revolution)—mobilized an insurrectionist circulate in Key West. His multidimensional grassroots paintings and his newspaper El Yara, the longest-lived Cuban exile newspaper of the 19th century, gave wish to a those who aspired to be liberated from the bonds of colonialism.
In Exile and Revolution, Gerald Poyo offers a entire account of the way his great-great-grandfather spurred the working-class group of Key West to remodel their roles as aiding solid to develop into serious actors within the fight for Cuban independence. The e-book finds the intensity of Cuba’s longtime ties to Florida, the cigar undefined, and its employees; the event of Cubans within the American South; and the diplomatic intrigues related to Spain, Cuba, and the United States.
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Additional resources for Exile and Revolution: José D. Poyo, Key West, and Cuban Independence
GOCA members sparked the uprising in Oriente Province in 1868. It is not known when Poyo aﬃliated with Freemasonry, but he was about twenty-ﬁve when GOCA formed, and he was likely initiated soon thereafter. Poyo transported his commitment to Masonry to Key West; he and others founded the Dr. Félix Varela Lodge No. 64 there in 1972. 14, which had been founded by Anglo-Americans in 1845, sponsored the Félix Varela lodge, which was formed as a Spanish-language lodge for Cuban immigrants. Poyo served in various capacities, including secretary and later as Venerable Maestro, the senior leadership post.
Secretary, Mr. ” Oratory included many forms including the speeches of labor radicals and evangelical preaching. It was by turns poetic, reasoned, prophetic, Community · 29 eulogistic, and humorous. Cubans especially responded to speeches about nationalism and independence. Historian Gerardo Castellanos García dubbed it oratoria manigüera (battleﬁeld oratory), a form that was vulgar, enthusiastic, ﬂuid, rapid, impetuous, and expressed with ﬂailing gestures and pounding on the rostrum. Speakers generally improvised their speeches and had the physical stamina to continue for long periods of time.
This goal required an aggressive, well-conceived, and well-executed military strategy with support from the Cuban people, despite what the elite political and social sectors thought and did. For thirty years these ideas formed the cornerstone of Poyo’s revolutionary nationalist political thought. The Shaping of a Revolutionary Poyo came of age during the 1840s and 1850s, a time when Cubans were increasingly questioning Spain’s ﬁrm control over its colony and were 40 · Exile and Revolution experiencing a growing sense of Cuba’s distinctive identity as a nation.
Exile and Revolution: José D. Poyo, Key West, and Cuban Independence by Gerald E. Poyo