Expertise and Decision Support - download pdf or read online

By George Wright, Fergus Bolger

ISBN-10: 0306438623

ISBN-13: 9780306438622

ISBN-10: 0585342903

ISBN-13: 9780585342900

This quantity brings jointly more than a few members from Europe and North the USA. All contributions have been in particular commissioned in an effort to e- cidating a massive multidisciplinary subject that's of outrage to either teachers and practitioners. the focal point of the booklet is on professional judgment and its interplay with determination help platforms. within the first half, the character of craftsmanship is mentioned and features of professional judges are defined. matters concemed with the eval- tion of judgment within the mental laboratory are assessed and contrasted with stories of professional judgment in ecologically legitimate contexts. additionally, concerns interested by eliciting and validating professional wisdom are mentioned. Dem- strations of fine judgmental functionality are associated with situational components reminiscent of suggestions cycles, and size of coherence and reliability in professional ju- ment is brought as a baseline determinant of fine judgmental functionality. matters curious about the illustration of elicited professional wisdom in kno- edge-based platforms are evaluated and strategies are defined which have been proven to supply advancements in judgmental functionality. Behavioral and mathematical methods of mixing judgments from a number of specialists are in comparison and contrasted. eventually, the problems constructed within the previous contributions are all in favour of present controversies in choice aid. specialist judgment is applied as an enormous enter into determination research, forecasting with statistical versions, and professional s- tems.

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Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Carroll, J. , & Payne, J. W. (1976). The psychology of parole decision process: A joint application of attribution theory and information-processing psychology. In J. S. Carroll & J. W. ), Cognition and social behavior. : Erlbaum. Cebrzynski, G. (1987, February 27). Experts systems are seen as replacements for humans. Marketing News, 21 (5), 1. Chan, S. (1982). Expert judgments made under uncertainty: Some evidence and suggestions. Social Science Quarterly, 63, 428-444.

In press). Environmental stress effects on creativity and decision making. In O. Svenson & A. J. ), Decision making under stress. New York: Plenum Press. , & Gaeth, G. J. (1981). Evaluation of the field method of soil texture classification: A psychological analysis of accuracy and consistency. (Tech. Rep. 79-1). Kansas State University, Department of Psychology. , & Berner, E. (1991). Teaching decision making skills to student nurses. In J. Baron & R. V. ), Teaching decision making to adolescents.

The Psychology of Experts 21 REFERENCES Anderson, J. R. (1981). Cognitive skills and their acquisition. : Erlbaum. Barrett, M. , & Beerel, A. C. (1988). Expert systems in business: A practical approach. Chichester: Ellis Horwood (Halsted). Benner, P. (1984). From novice to expert: Excellence and power in clinical nursing practice. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Carroll, J. , & Payne, J. W. (1976). The psychology of parole decision process: A joint application of attribution theory and information-processing psychology.

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Expertise and Decision Support by George Wright, Fergus Bolger

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