Download e-book for kindle: Fascism in Europe, 1919-1945 (Routledge Companions) by Philip Morgan

By Philip Morgan

ISBN-10: 0203269667

ISBN-13: 9780203269664

ISBN-10: 0203448227

ISBN-13: 9780203448229

ISBN-10: 0415169429

ISBN-13: 9780415169424

Fascism in Europe, 1919-1945 surveys the phenomenon that is nonetheless the item of curiosity and debate over fifty years after its defeat within the moment global warfare. It introduces the new scholarship and carrying on with debates at the nature of fascism in addition to the customarily contentious contributions by means of international historians and political scientists. From the pre-First international warfare highbrow origins of Fascism to its loss of life in 1945, this booklet examines: * the 2 'waves' of fascism - within the instant post-war interval and within the past due Nineteen Twenties and early Thirties* even if the eu main issue created via the Treaty of Versailles allowed fascism to take root* why fascism got here to energy in Italy and Germany, yet now not anyplace else in Europe* fascism's personal declare to be a global and internationalist flow* the assumption of 'totalitarianism' because the most valuable and acceptable means of interpreting the fascist regimes.

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Extra resources for Fascism in Europe, 1919-1945 (Routledge Companions)

Sample text

Even if you take the Sternhell line that the ‘fascist’ synthesis of ideas had occurred in France before 1914, it is difficult to find a similar pattern in other European countries. The particular synthesis of ideas came with the emergence of actual fascist movements in the post-war period. Ultimately, it does seem odd to divorce the ideology from the movement and to suggest that there was an already fully formed ideology in search of a movement. Fascist movements and fascist ideology co-existed; they appeared at the same time as each other.

For one thing, national–ethnic issues in Central and Eastern Europe were accentuated rather than eased by a post-war settlement apparently based on national self-determination. The mix of nationalities living in the areas of the pre-war multinational empires made it impossible to carve out viable single nationality states. The so-called ‘successor states’, the products of the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian empire in military defeat and revolution, were no less multinational than the empire they replaced.

Elsewhere, it was difficult to accept as normal political players, movements which were systematically opposed to the political systems they participated in, and were bound to an international revolutionary organisation, the Comintern, which was run from and by the USSR. Governments in the 1930s faced this same classic dilemma of democratic societies with respect to fascist movements as well. The PCF, the French Communist Party and one of the most ‘bolshevised’ of the West European Communist parties, was always regarded as the stooge of Moscow, and this perception and antipathy on the French right were important dimensions in both the domestic and foreign policies of French governments in the late 1930s.

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Fascism in Europe, 1919-1945 (Routledge Companions) by Philip Morgan

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