New PDF release: Formation and Dynamics of Self-organized Structures in

By Kyoji Kawasaki, Bjoern Lindmann, Hirofumi Okabayashi

ISBN-10: 3798510962

ISBN-13: 9783798510968

The overseas Symposium on Colloid and Polymer technology was once held at Nagoya Institute of know-how, Nagoya, Japan, in October 1996. this system lined either the elemental points in addition to technological purposes of micelles, microemulsions, monolayers, and biocolloids. specific emphasis was once put on formation and dynamics of self-organized constructions, together with technical advancements, purposes, normal concept, and result of investigations.

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Extra resources for Formation and Dynamics of Self-organized Structures in Surfactants and Polymer Solutions: Recent Advances (Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science, Volume 106)

Example text

The forces are similar to those observed before addition of SDS (data not shown). A very weak electrostatic double-layer force dominates the interaction at large separations, demonstrating a nearly perfect match between the surface charge and the charges in the polyelectrolyte layer. From a separation of about 150 A an attractive force causes the surfaces to jump inwards to a separation of about 40 A. This force is most likely due to bridging. The normalized pull-off force measured upon separation is about 1 mN/m.

M. -H. 6 o Results of theofit are C o = - 0 . 2 x 10 . 35 x 10 . 4 A-Z; c'1 = 2530 x 10 . 46. In both cases, q~0 turns out to be very close to the volume fraction at the fish tail of the phase diagram shown in Fig. 1. Therefore, we can say that co and c{) are the average Gaussian curvature and the average square-mean curvature at the fish tail which is the lowest volume fraction of surfactant where the one-phase microemulsion first forms. Magnitudes of average Gaussian curvatures obtained in this experiment are comparable to that obtained for the C l o E 4 / D 2 0 / O c t a n e microemulsion near the fish tail before [12-1.

8 , , , ! 2 [SDS] (units of cmc) Fig. 9 The pull-off force between polyelectrolyte-coated mica surfaces as a function of SDS concentration expressed in units of cmc. ) is shown in Fig. 10. Let us first consider the compressed layer thickness, which we define as the surface separation at which point a hard-wall-like repulsion in encountered. This definition is not very precise but it serves our purpose when we only want to illustrate changes in the adsorbed layer qualitatively. For PCMA, a sudden increase in compressed layer thickness occurs at the cacs, demonstrating the incorporation of surfactants in the adsorbed layer.

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Formation and Dynamics of Self-organized Structures in Surfactants and Polymer Solutions: Recent Advances (Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science, Volume 106) by Kyoji Kawasaki, Bjoern Lindmann, Hirofumi Okabayashi


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