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Extra resources for From Crisis to Opportunity: How Global Challenger Companies Are Seeking Industry Leadership in the Postcrisis World
1. 000 Euro n = 20 years PR0 = 75% deg = 1% cv = 1,5% inf = 2% k = 8% = 1150 kWh/m2/yr HDE HS = 1700 kWh/m2/yr10 The price of kWh PV results in: PPV,D = 74,0 Cent/kWh PPV,S = 50,1 Cent/kWh 9 For a more detailed analysis of regional irradiances the work of [Dunlop et al. 2005] is also recommended. 10 Sometimes the capacity factor of an installation is mentioned. 760 kWh/yr (365 days, 24 hours full sun). Capacity factor for Germany in our case would be 9,8% and for southern Europe 14,6 %. 24 PV Experience Curves based on kWh Prices The following graph illustrates the dependence on the irradiation: €/kWh Price of a kWh PV (PPV) 2 kWh/m /yr Figure 3-1: Price of kWh PV (PPV) versus irradiation (H) It can be seen that the example prices of the calculation are quite high.
2004] and [Poponi 2003] although the results differ reasonably (see Table 2-1). 2 for the results of this work regarding this topic). 7 Overview of PV Experience Curves in Literature In the following table the results of the former publications are summarised and the key values are shown. This should give an overview of the research that has been done in the field of PV experience curves up to now. Studies before the year 2000 are not included. Author PR (%) Time Period Region Type of EC Cum. Reference R IEA (2000) 84%-53%79% 1976-1996 EU Modules ca.
Hence, early investors had to calculate with a higher specific risk, meaning higher risk corrected capital costs r. In other words it can be said, that the part r of k has experienced learning over time which must be included in the PV price calculation for the different years and thus in the experience curve calculation. Because the loans for PV 22 exactly 5,93% calculated on monthly bases from [Bundesbank 2006]. Since 2004 there are historically low interest rates of around 4%, but it would be too optimistic to assume this level for a long term model.
From Crisis to Opportunity: How Global Challenger Companies Are Seeking Industry Leadership in the Postcrisis World by BCG