By Robert H. Brunswig, Bonnie L. Pitblado
Because the Ice Age waned, Clovis hunter-gatherers started to discover and colonize the realm referred to now as Colorado. Their descendents and later Paleoindian migrants unfold all through Colorado's plains and mountains, adapting to diversified landforms and the altering weather. during this new quantity, Robert H. Brunswig and Bonnie L. Pitblado gather specialists in archaeology, paleoecology-climatology, and paleofaunal research to percentage new discoveries approximately those historical humans of Colorado. The editors introduce the study with medical context. A evaluation of seventy-five years of Paleoindian archaeology in Colorado highlights the root on which new paintings builds, and a survey of Colorado's historical climates and ecologies is helping readers comprehend Paleoindian cost styles. 8 essays speak about archaeological facts from Plains to excessive Rocky Mountain websites. The e-book deals the main thorough research to this point of Dent--the first Clovis website chanced on. Essays on mountain websites convey how advances in method and expertise have allowed students to reconstruct cost styles and altering lifeways during this difficult atmosphere. Colorado has been domestic to key moments in human payment and within the clinical learn of our historical earlier. Readers drawn to the peopling of the hot international in addition to these keen about the tools and historical past of archaeology will locate new fabric and enjoyable overviews during this ebook.
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Additional resources for Frontiers in Colorado Paleoindian Archaeology: From the Dent Site to the Rocky Mountains
Between ca. 10,200 and 9000 rcybp, pine and spruce pollen increased as sagebrush pollen declined. Sagebrush along with plants from the goosefoot and amaranth group are shade-intolerant species, and their decline indicates a gradual reduction in the spatial extent of tundra and the establishment of an open pinespruce forest. The increase in pine and spruce pollen suggests that tree line was near the lake but likely remained below its elevation. There were also increases in oak and mountain mahogany pollen, which indicates warmer conditions at lower elevations.
Greater evaporation rates) at lower elevations could account for the disappearance of the wet meadows. Warmer-than-modern conditions prevailed in the Front Range until the late Holocene (ca. 4,800–4,500 rcybp), when regional climate change brought cooler conditions to the area. The regional pollen signal shows a decrease in tree pollen and an increase in shrub and herb pollen (especially sagebrush and grasses). This suggests that either tree line lowered or forests thinned in response to colder summer temperatures.
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Frontiers in Colorado Paleoindian Archaeology: From the Dent Site to the Rocky Mountains by Robert H. Brunswig, Bonnie L. Pitblado