Read e-book online Fueling Development Energy Technologies for Developing PDF

By United States

ISBN-10: 0160361850

ISBN-13: 9780160361852

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S. J 8,000 Per capita GDP (corrected for PPP, $) This figure shows that these developing countries have been able to reduce their infant mortality rates at a much earlier point in their economic development as measured by per capita income than did the United States during its economic development. This was made possible by using the scientific, medical, agricultural, public health, and other advances pioneered by the industrial countries. Note that the per capita GDPs have been smoothed-otherwise the curves shown would reverse themselves during serious recessions-so that the curves are monotonic along the GDP axis.

The World Energy Conference projects an increase in their share to 40 percent by 2020, and similar results12are also found in a large number of other studies. Again, due to rapid population and economic growth, the developing countries are projected to account for almost 60 percent of the global increase in commercial energy consumption by 2020. China alone accounts for over one-third of this increase. These rising shares are sufficiently large to have a major impact on world energy markets. Despite the more rapid rate of growth in energy consumption in developing countries, however, per capita consumption of commercial energy will continue to be far below the levels in industrial countries.

In the upper middleincome developing countries, per capita annual commercial energy consumption is 12 times higher ~ theme is developed further in a recent publication by the United Nations Development Pro gramme, Human Development Report 1990 (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1990). mote that this does not include conversion losses. Conversion losses are the energy consumed in converting raw energy (such as coal and crude oil) to forms (electricity, gasoline) that can be used by consumem.

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Fueling Development Energy Technologies for Developing Countries by United States


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