Download PDF by Velimir Jurdjevic: Geometric Control Theory

By Velimir Jurdjevic

ISBN-10: 051153003X

ISBN-13: 9780511530036

ISBN-10: 0521058244

ISBN-13: 9780521058247

ISBN-10: 0521495024

ISBN-13: 9780521495028

This ebook describes the mathematical thought encouraged by way of the irreversible nature of time-evolving occasions. the 1st a part of the ebook offers having the ability to steer a method from any element of departure to any wanted vacation spot. the second one half bargains with optimum control--the challenge of discovering the absolute best direction. the writer demonstrates an overlap with mathematical physics utilizing the utmost precept, a basic idea of optimality coming up from geometric keep watch over, that's utilized to time-evolving structures ruled through physics in addition to to man-made structures ruled through controls. He attracts purposes from geometry, mechanics, and keep watch over of dynamical structures. The geometric language within which the writer expresses the implications permits transparent visible interpretations and makes the booklet obtainable to physicists and engineers in addition to to mathematicians.

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Sample text

Thus we IS] TOPOLOGY OF EUCLIDEAN PLANE 23 can apply Zorn’s lemma on d to get a maximal element A,, which is the maximal set having the property P. Hausdorffs lemma j Zermelo’s axiom. Let d be a collection of non-empty sets. We denote by 2 the set of the pairs (A, a ) where A is an element of d and a is an element of A. , for every (A, a ) E Y and (A’, a ’ )E Y , A = A’ implies a = a’. Then P is clearly a finite property. Therefore by use of Hausdorff’s lemma we can find a maximal subset Lf,, of Lf having the property P.

We mean by a set sequence a sequence A,, A,, . . of non-empty subsets of E 2 such that The set sequence {A,, 1 n = 1, 2 , . } is said to converge to a point p if for every E > 0 there exists an n for which A, C S , ( p ) . We take a point p,, E A,, from each member, A,,, of the set sequence. Then we obtain a point sequence {p,,} which is called a point sequence derived from {A,}. We can easily show that the set sequence {A,,}converges to p if and only if every point sequence derived from {A,} converges to p.

Nexandroff is highly recommended to the reader as a historical survey of the modern development in general topology. See his paper [ S ] too, for recent developments. 24 INTRODUCTION [IS As is well known, the concept of convergence of a point sequence is very significant in E’, especially in analysis of E 2 . We may say it is fundamental in the study of E 2 . This concept is closely related with such other concepts as neighborhood, closure, open set, etc. as seen in the following. e. S , ( p ) is often called the &-neighborhood of p.

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Geometric Control Theory by Velimir Jurdjevic

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