Global Tuberculosis Control 2008 Surveillance Planning by World Health Organization PDF

By World Health Organization

ISBN-10: 9240683070

ISBN-13: 9789240683075

ISBN-10: 9241563540

ISBN-13: 9789241563543

The record provides who is most up-to-date evaluation of the epidemiological burden of TB (numbers of instances and deaths), in addition to growth in the direction of the 2015 goals for international TB keep watch over which were confirmed in the context of the Millennium improvement objectives (MDGs). Bringing jointly facts mentioned by way of 202 out of 212 nations and territories in 2007, in addition to facts amassed from those nations and territories in prior years, worldwide tuberculosis keep watch over 2008 is the definitive resource of data concerning the nationwide and foreign reaction to the global TB epidemic.

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7 Progress towards targets for case detection and cure Point estimates of case detection and treatment success indicate that the world as a whole failed to meet the targets for both indicators. 3% below the target of 85% in the 2005 cohort. Both targets for case detection and treatment success were exceeded in the Western Pacific Region. South-East Asia achieved more than 85% treatment success, and case detection was just under 70%. The European Region performed worst on both indicators. Data on both treatment success and case detection were provided by 202 countries that were implementing DOTS.

These observations lay down a challenge: to show that the diagnosis of active TB can be made early enough, and that cure rates can be high enough, to have a substantial impact on incidence on a large geographic scale. The greater the impact on incidence, the more likely it is that prevalence and deaths will be halved by the MDG deadline of 2015. GLOBAL TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL | WHO REPORT 2008 | 37 CHAPTER 2 Implementing the Stop TB Strategy The Stop TB Strategy, launched by WHO in 2006, sets out the interventions that need to be implemented to achieve the MDG, Stop TB Partnership and World Health Assembly targets discussed in Chapter 1.

22e). 53). 22f). 67). In brief, this ecological analysis provides no evidence that the standard, direct measures of DOTS implementation – case detection and treatment success in various combinations – can yet explain the variation in incidence trends among countries, despite the wide variation in DOTS implementation among countries. This observation suggests – subject to further investigation – that DOTS programmes have not yet had a major impact on TB transmission and incidence around the world.

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Global Tuberculosis Control 2008 Surveillance Planning Financing by World Health Organization


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