By G. Totten, T. Inoue, M. Howes
Subject matters coated contain advised warmth treating practices, tools for conserving temperature uniformity twin heating, counsel for fighting oxide formation, and methods for measuring residual stresses.
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Additional info for Handbook of Residual Stress and Deformation of Steel
The most important ones are the various manufacturing processes. , the sintering temperature). Manufacturing processes not only result in the formation of definite macro residual stress states, but may also effect other changes of the component state close to its surface: ● Formation of a specific topography ● Work-hardening or (in very hard material states) work-softening processes and hence alteration of the micro residual stress state ● Phase transformation ● Crack initiation All these processes may change the fatigue behavior of a given component.
Wu, J. Lu, and Y. M. , Conf. ICEM 98, 24–28 Aug 1998, (Oxford), p 987–991 8. J. F. Flavenot, and S. Thery, Study on the Effect of the Finishing Treatment on the Residual Stress Gradient in SiC Reinforced Aluminum Metal Matrix Composite, J. Compos. Technol. , ASTM, Vol 12 (No. 4), 1990, p 232–238 9. J. Li, J. Lu, M. Perrin, M. Ceretti, and A. Lodini, Study on the Residual Stress in Cold-Rolled 7075 Al-SiC Whisker Reinforced Composites by X-ray and Neutron Diffraction, J. Compos. Technol. , July 1995, p 194–198 10.
However, if crack lengths of several hundred microns appear (stage II of crack propagation), Ni will be determined by normal-stress-controlled processes. In the last case, stable macro residual stresses may have a considerable influence on the Ni values. The experimental results achieved until now for crack formation directly at the surface with an appropriate consideration of the Ni definition show increasing numbers of cycles to crack initiation, if the surface area: Scanning electron micrographs of fractured specimens of hardened and shot peened SAE 1045 at different stress amplitudes.
Handbook of Residual Stress and Deformation of Steel by G. Totten, T. Inoue, M. Howes