New PDF release: Harnessing Markets for Biodiversity: Towards Conservation

By Dan Biller, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Working Group on Economic Aspects of Biodiversity

ISBN-10: 9264099220

ISBN-13: 9789264099227

Booklet by means of Biller, Dan

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There are cases where it may be costly to exclude potential visitors. Excludability is a function of several factors including technology, institutional capacity, even cultural as discussed in a subsection below. 17 Eco-tourism may be defined as “responsible travel to natural areas which conserves the environment and sustains the well being of local people”(Eco-tourism Society website). From the existing guidelines on eco-tourism, three common elements emerge (Mader, 2000):  providing for conservation measures;  including meaningful community participation;  being profitable and sustainable.

Foreign visitors, however, must share eco-tourism facilities with visitors from the host country. 5 million people visited these parks. That year, approximately 600 000 eco-tourists were Brazilian nationals while 200 000 were from abroad (Eco-tourism Society website). Eco-tourism clearly depends on a country’s natural capital and, within it “charismatic megafauna” can be a major attraction. Perhaps no place on Earth is best endowed with large terrestrial mammals, reptiles and birds than East and Southern Africa.

Products of some species extracted from the wild, such as spices and ginseng, have been traded as commodities on the global market for centuries. Yet, it is only recently that local governments, NGOs and Official Development Assistance have promoted the development of institutional frameworks that allow NTFPs to have formal commercial exchange. Further, it should be noted that NTFPs are not exclusive to less developed countries, as wild fruits, mushrooms, herbal supplements, decoratives, craft materials, and medicines are also important in developed countries.

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Harnessing Markets for Biodiversity: Towards Conservation and Sustainable Use by Dan Biller, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Working Group on Economic Aspects of Biodiversity


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