Historical Dictionary of Jehovah's Witnesses (Historical by George D. Chryssides PDF

By George D. Chryssides

ISBN-10: 0810860740

ISBN-13: 9780810860742

ISBN-10: 0810862697

ISBN-13: 9780810862692

Originating from a small team of Bible scholars led by means of Charles Taze Russell within the 1870s, the Watch Tower Society grew into a world society. After Russell's loss of life in 1916, Franklin Rutherford used to be named his successor and gave the society a brand new identify: "Jehovah's Witnesses." The Historical Dictionary of Jehovah's Witnesses exhibits how international conflict I & II stimulated Watch Tower attitudes to civil executive, armed clash, and clinical suggestions like blood transfusion, in addition to to mainstream church buildings and the advance of Jehovah's Witnesses' door-to-door evangelism.

The subject matter of prophecy, the doctrine of the 144,000, end-time calculations, Armageddon, and the Witnesses' denial of hell are all thought of within the Historical Dictionary of Jehovah's Witnesses, which includes a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and 250 cross-referenced dictionary entries in relation to key humans and ideas.

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Extra info for Historical Dictionary of Jehovah's Witnesses (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies and Movements)

Example text

F. Rutherford provided a different interpretation, preferring to link the cleansing of the sanctuary to current events in Palestine, as well as to the internal disputes within the Watch Tower organization. He viewed it as a progressive process rather than an episodic event. The Holy Land, he argued, was the “soul” of God’s sanctuary and was in the process of restoration by the return of the Jews from 1918. The year 1918 also marked the beginning of Christ’s rule in heaven, which was followed by a cleansing that “began in earnest” in 1922.

Each is overseen by a board of seven men; they are earthly organizations, subject to Caesar’s rule. Board members were formerly elected by shareholders, who became eligible to vote by purchasing shares at US$10 a share. C. T. Russell initially held the majority of shares and thus had control over both societies. Membership to the board was initially by co-option, with the shareholders merely voting the president, vice president, and secretary-treasurer into office from the wider board. J. F. Rutherford questioned the legality of this system, requiring all board members to be elected.

Witnesses prefer to distinguish the two major sections of scripture on the grounds of language, prefacing the word “Greek” with “Christian” to distinguish this section of the Bible from the Septuagint (the early Greek version of Hebrew-Aramaic Scriptures). These scriptures are regarded as canonical and divinely inspired. They are attributed to eight authors: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul, James, Peter, and Jude. The Gospel of Matthew, it is believed, was originally written in Hebrew, but only the Greek text remains available.

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Historical Dictionary of Jehovah's Witnesses (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies and Movements) by George D. Chryssides

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