By George D. Chryssides
Originating from a small team of Bible scholars led by means of Charles Taze Russell within the 1870s, the Watch Tower Society grew into a world society. After Russell's loss of life in 1916, Franklin Rutherford used to be named his successor and gave the society a brand new identify: "Jehovah's Witnesses." The Historical Dictionary of Jehovah's Witnesses exhibits how international conflict I & II stimulated Watch Tower attitudes to civil executive, armed clash, and clinical suggestions like blood transfusion, in addition to to mainstream church buildings and the advance of Jehovah's Witnesses' door-to-door evangelism.
The subject matter of prophecy, the doctrine of the 144,000, end-time calculations, Armageddon, and the Witnesses' denial of hell are all thought of within the Historical Dictionary of Jehovah's Witnesses, which includes a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and 250 cross-referenced dictionary entries in relation to key humans and ideas.
Read or Download Historical Dictionary of Jehovah's Witnesses (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies and Movements) PDF
Similar religious history books
The foundation of the fashionable conception of faith will be traced to the Enlightenment. This ebook exhibits how the suggestions of "religion" and "the religions" arose from controversies in 17th- and eighteenth-century England. The start of "the religions," conceived of as units of ideals and practices, created a brand new technological know-how of faith within which some of the "religions" can be studied and impartially in comparison.
Faith and the yank destiny is a full of life, realized discussion at the position of faith in American society. The members elevate their voices towards the tide of cynicism and constraint that regularly overwhelms faith in public lifestyles and argue that tolerance, admire, and unfastened expression needs to outline the way forward for faith in the USA.
This monograph explores Yahwistic votive perform within the Hellenistic interval. The dedicatory inscriptions from the Yahweh temple on Mount Gerizim are the article of an research of Yahwistic votive perform, witnessed in and outdoors Biblical literature. The learn starts the dialogue by way of putting votive perform in a theoretical framework of gift-giving and fills a scholarly void through developing this custom as a vital part of the sacrificial process within the Hebrew Bible.
During this booklet the writer seeks to discover historiographical and textual facts that Abraham Cohen de Herrera s major kabbalistic paintings, "Puerta del Cielo," inspired Spinoza s metaphysics because it is related in his later paintings, the "Ethica. " the various most crucial ontological themes maintained by means of the thinker, just like the thought of the 1st reason as substance, the procession of the endless modes, the subjective or metaphorical truth of the attributes, and the 2 assorted understandings of God, have been expected in Herrera s mystical treatise.
- Protestants, Catholics and Jews in Germany, 1800-1914
- A People of One Book: The Bible and the Victorians
- Humanism, Reform and the Reformation: The Career of Bishop John Fisher
- Discerning the good in the letters and sermons of Augustine
- Jews and Gentiles in the Early Jesus Movement: An Unintended Journey
Extra info for Historical Dictionary of Jehovah's Witnesses (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies and Movements)
F. Rutherford provided a different interpretation, preferring to link the cleansing of the sanctuary to current events in Palestine, as well as to the internal disputes within the Watch Tower organization. He viewed it as a progressive process rather than an episodic event. The Holy Land, he argued, was the “soul” of God’s sanctuary and was in the process of restoration by the return of the Jews from 1918. The year 1918 also marked the beginning of Christ’s rule in heaven, which was followed by a cleansing that “began in earnest” in 1922.
Each is overseen by a board of seven men; they are earthly organizations, subject to Caesar’s rule. Board members were formerly elected by shareholders, who became eligible to vote by purchasing shares at US$10 a share. C. T. Russell initially held the majority of shares and thus had control over both societies. Membership to the board was initially by co-option, with the shareholders merely voting the president, vice president, and secretary-treasurer into office from the wider board. J. F. Rutherford questioned the legality of this system, requiring all board members to be elected.
Witnesses prefer to distinguish the two major sections of scripture on the grounds of language, prefacing the word “Greek” with “Christian” to distinguish this section of the Bible from the Septuagint (the early Greek version of Hebrew-Aramaic Scriptures). These scriptures are regarded as canonical and divinely inspired. They are attributed to eight authors: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul, James, Peter, and Jude. The Gospel of Matthew, it is believed, was originally written in Hebrew, but only the Greek text remains available.
Historical Dictionary of Jehovah's Witnesses (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies and Movements) by George D. Chryssides