Download PDF by Saburo Sugiyama: Human Sacrifice, Militarism, and Rulership

By Saburo Sugiyama

ISBN-10: 0511113250

ISBN-13: 9780511113253

ISBN-10: 052178056X

ISBN-13: 9780521780568

Теотиуакан был самым большим городским поселением в Новом Мире в первых двух столетиях н.э. и Пирамида Крылатого Змея была впечатляющим символом государственной власти. Автор исследует ритуальное жертвоприношение приблизительно 2 hundred человек, мужчин и женщин, которым было отмечено строительство Пирамиды. В этом издании впервые даётся существенный археологический анализ политических учреждений Теотиуакана, основанный на стратиграфическом материале. В книге освещаются также вопросы урбанизации, ритуального поведения элит, роли войны и жертвы в раннем политическом объединении Теотиуакан.

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Extra info for Human Sacrifice, Militarism, and Rulership

Example text

Another possible explanation of the mass human sacrifice at the FSP is the “foundation” theory, which interprets sacrifice of victims as a dedication to the monument. Human sacrifices were often carried out to spiritualize monuments and/or to attach specific ritual, cosmological, or calendrical meanings to them. Examples can be found over long periods of time and space around the world (Davies 1984). Human sacrifice dedicated to specific monuments was also common in Mesoamerica. In Teotihuacan, possible foundation sacrifices have been excavated at other monuments as described in Chapter 7, although data are still scarce.

Millon (1988b: 112) and Cowgill (1992a) intuitively suggested that the construction of the FSP, occurring at an early stage of the city’s history, was a glorification of personal power. Following these interpretative frameworks, I provide an analytical view from the FSP about the relationship of religion with state polity and synthesize studies of material symbols into an archaeological and anthropological explanation. In this book, I stress the social nature of symbols as cultural products; I follow Geertz’s (1973: 3–30) definition of symbols as vehicles of meanings, integrated echoes, and worldview of a society.

Carr (1995) demonstrates, through a cross-cultural survey of mortuary practices, that philosophical-religious beliefs should be considered beyond social determinants for holistic and multidisciplinary approaches. The mortuary program at the FSP seems to have been extensive, systematic, highly ritualistic, and apparently related to state religion, as indicated by the monumentality of the building with which the burials were associated. In addition, since the persons interred were possibly sacrificial victims, the mortuary form was unlikely to be correlated in any simple way with their social positions.

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Human Sacrifice, Militarism, and Rulership by Saburo Sugiyama

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