By Robert L. Bettinger (auth.)
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Additional resources for Hunter-Gatherers: Archaeological and Evolutionary Theory
To experience a problem and respond to it organizationally can be interpreted as either telesis or direct equilibration). On the other hand, whether social evolution was active or passive was clearly important in the sphere of government and politics. What was at issue between Spencer and Powell was not what had happened in the past or how to interpret primitive society but what would happen in the future and how to interpret modern society. The social settings Spencer and Powell confronted, however, were remarkably different.
Among the lay public, his acceptance was furthered in no small part by his emphasis on individualism and self-sufficiency-ideals that Americans endorsed, and by the popular conviction, particularly among the captains of industry in postbellum America, that success was something that anyone could achieve, the accomplishments of some and the failure of others being explicable in terms of the individuals rather than systems. Spencerism explained in natural terms how it could come to pass that equally free men could be so markedly unequal in wealth (cf.
The Museum Connection As Hinsley (1981:83-83) and others have observed, museums of natural history were places where these problems could be confronted intellectually and where a sense of natural order could be restored for nineteenth-century Americans. 38 CHAPTER 2 Joseph Henry, first secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, made this a theme of his address at the dedication of the American Museum of Natural History.
Hunter-Gatherers: Archaeological and Evolutionary Theory by Robert L. Bettinger (auth.)