By J.P. Mallory
With the ability of a forensic scientist, Dr. Mallory lines the quick origins of every of the Indo-European peoples of Europe and Asia. by means of evaluating their languages he demonstrates their universal cultural history, and during the means of comparative mythology he examines their earliest ideals.
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Additional info for In Search of the Indo-Europeans: Language, Archaeology and Myth
The end of the Iron Age I village came around 1050 BCE when the site was abandoned. Houses were left standing and no evidence was found of burning as told in the biblical story. Callaway estimated the population at this time to be no more than 150 people, as opposed to the 12,000 mentioned in the Bible. Because the archaeological history of et-Tell does not “ﬁt” at all with the biblical story, various scenarios have been suggested. Many years ago, the famous W. F. Albright argued that a story of the destruction of Bethel, which did occur at the end of the Late Bronze Age, somehow got transferred to et-Tell.
In the Masoretic Text (Hebrew) the town is mentioned only once in context of the activities of David (1 Sam. 30: 28). In the Septuagint (the Greek Bible) there may also be a reference to the place in Joshua 15: 22. In 1838 Edward Robinson identiﬁed this tell as biblical Aroer. However, archaeological exposure of the site did not occur until Figure 6 View east from Aroer with ruins in the foreground. 30 AROER (IN JUDAH) 1111 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10111 11 2 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40111 1 21111 1975–1982.
Among other items, the remains of two basilican churches were found, one of which was excavated by V. Tzaferis in 1966–1967. But the ﬁrst large-scale excavation of Ashkelon was not begun until 1985 under the direction of Lawrence E. Stager (see Figure 9, p. 39). Sponsored by the Harvard Semitic Museum of Harvard University, this undertaking is called “The Leon Levy Expedition,” named after the dig’s primary benefactor. As of this writing, this excavation is still in progress, though its work, like many others, has been stopped or slowed due to the contemporary political turmoil now taking place in Israel.
In Search of the Indo-Europeans: Language, Archaeology and Myth by J.P. Mallory