New PDF release: Innovation Africa: Enriching Farmers Livelihoods

By Pascal Sanginga, Ann Waters-Bayer, Susan Kaaria, Jemimah Njuki, Chesha Wettasinha

ISBN-10: 1435699483

ISBN-13: 9781435699489

ISBN-10: 1844076717

ISBN-13: 9781844076710

Agricultural examine, extension and schooling can give a contribution tremendously to bettering agricultural creation in a sustainable method and to lowering poverty within the constructing global, yet achievements have as a rule fallen wanting expectancies in Africa. lately, becoming fiscal and demographic pressures - coupled with the access of recent marketplace forces and actors - have created a necessity and a chance for extra interactive techniques to improvement. realizing the present innovation approaches, spotting the possibility of catalysing them and studying how one can aid joint innovation by way of assorted teams often is the key to luck. This booklet covers new conceptual and methodological advancements in agricultural innovation structures, and showcases contemporary on-the-ground studies in numerous contexts in Africa. The contributions exhibit how innovation is the result of social studying via interplay of people and enterprises in either developing and utilizing wisdom. It brings examples of the way area and incentives were created to advertise collaboration among farmers, study, extension and the personal quarter to enhance higher applied sciences and institutional preparations which may alleviate poverty. In 25 broad-ranging chapters the booklet displays state-of-the-art pondering and perform in help of innovation methods in agriculture and administration of typical assets.

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Extra resources for Innovation Africa: Enriching Farmers Livelihoods

Sample text

Many people who are practically involved in promoting agricultural innovation have li�le ability to think conceptually about innovation as such. They are as imprinted with the linear model as ducklings are with the sound of their mother’s call. It is essential to throw open the concept of innovation to include endogenous development, social learning, concerted action, emergence from interaction and institutional change. Being at the end of my career, I regret not living to see the next generation of ideas that innovate the concept of innovation.

Here was a spontaneous social process that multiplied the efforts of research and extension for free. Diffusion seemed key to social change and modernization. It explained the spread not only of agricultural technologies, but also of the hula hoop and contraceptives. The agricultural treadmill Li�le wonder that, when I did my PhD in Michigan, innovation could be talked of only in terms of diffusion. Apart from social scientists such as Rogers, economists also examined the phenomenon, the best known CONCEPTUAL AND METHODOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS 11 probably being Cochrane (1958) from Minnesota, who coined the phrase ‘the agricultural treadmill’.

Global food prices have continuously declined over the past 40 years (although, in 2007, as a result of climate change and a shi� to biofuels, prices have started rising).  A country becomes more competitive in the world market as its farming industry becomes more efficient.  Farmers do not complain or rebel. The frontrunners who capture the windfall profits and benefit from scale enlargement are those who hold positions of power in farmer organizations. Evenson et al (1979) established that investment in agricultural research and extension, the perceived drivers of innovation (given the conditions I 12 I N N O V AT I O N A F R I C A have enumerated), has a high internal rate of return.

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Innovation Africa: Enriching Farmers Livelihoods by Pascal Sanginga, Ann Waters-Bayer, Susan Kaaria, Jemimah Njuki, Chesha Wettasinha


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