By Halvor Moxnes
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Additional resources for Jesus and the Rise of Nationalism: A New Quest for the Nineteenth Century Historical Jesus
It was only Strauss, in the last phase when he had despaired of making Jesus into a model for modern society, who depicted him in an unmanly role as an ‘enthusiast’, a suitable figure for a ‘degenerate race’. ’ took us into a little explored context of historical Jesus studies, that of the place of biographies in the culture of the nineteenth century, and especially their forms and functions in building national consciousness. Schleiermacher, Strauss and Renan had an awareness that writing about Jesus in the form of a biography was controversial; Strauss especially seemed to have relished the opportunity to write about Jesus in a form that represented a ‘modern’ criticism of the Gospels and the church.
This focus on Jesus in the context of nation becomes second nature to the biographies, as we shall see. Was Jesus a unique person? The third question Schleiermacher raised was whether it was possible within a human biography to speak of Jesus as a special or unique person. Here he addresses an issue that was of immense theological interest. 24 In line with Schleiermacher’s hermeneutics, he responds to that question within the structure of a common human anthropology, where the individual person stands in a double relationship to the common life.
These biographies were mostly laudatory, often being a product of the court. g. the relationship between king and his subjects). 03 28 Jesus and the Rise of Nationalism scholastic areas, especially in theology, law and medicine. Reflecting the selfconfidence of these groups, biographies presented them as rising above their estates or their own narrow group; instead they belonged to society at large, even to humanity. They represented education as the universality of culture (Bildung), and thereby pointed towards the future development of society.
Jesus and the Rise of Nationalism: A New Quest for the Nineteenth Century Historical Jesus by Halvor Moxnes