Read e-book online Jesus and the Rise of Nationalism: A New Quest for the PDF

By Halvor Moxnes

ISBN-10: 1848850808

ISBN-13: 9781848850804

The nice German theologian Albert Schweitzer famously drew a line below nineteenth century old Jesus learn via exhibiting that on the backside of the good lay now not the face of Joseph's son, yet really the positive aspects of the entire New testomony students who had attempted to bare his elusive essence. In his considerate and provocative new ebook, Halvor Moxnes takes Schweitzer's remark a lot extra: the doomed ""quest for the old Jesus"" was firm not just by means of the several personalities of the seekers who undertook it, but in addition through the social, cultural, and political agendas of the nations from which their displays emerged. hence, Friedrich Schleiermacher's Jesus was once a instructor, corresponding with the position German lecturers performed in Germany's flow for democratic socialism. Ernst Renan's Jesus was once against this an try to signify the ""positive Orient"" as a precursor to the civilized self of his personal French society. Scottish theologian G A Smith verified in his manly portrayal of Jesus a distinctively British liberalism and Victorian moralism. Moxnes argues that one can't comprehend any ""life of Jesus"" except nationalism and nationwide id: and that what's wanted in glossy bible study is an understanding of all of the presuppositions that underlie shows of Jesus, even if by way of energy, gender, intercourse, and sophistication. basically then, he says, do we begin to examine Jesus in a manner that does him justice.

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It was only Strauss, in the last phase when he had despaired of making Jesus into a model for modern society, who depicted him in an unmanly role as an ‘enthusiast’, a suitable figure for a ‘degenerate race’. ’ took us into a little explored context of historical Jesus studies, that of the place of biographies in the culture of the nineteenth century, and especially their forms and functions in building national consciousness. Schleiermacher, Strauss and Renan had an awareness that writing about Jesus in the form of a biography was controversial; Strauss especially seemed to have relished the opportunity to write about Jesus in a form that represented a ‘modern’ criticism of the Gospels and the church.

This focus on Jesus in the context of nation becomes second nature to the biographies, as we shall see. Was Jesus a unique person? The third question Schleiermacher raised was whether it was possible within a human biography to speak of Jesus as a special or unique person. Here he addresses an issue that was of immense theological interest. 24 In line with Schleiermacher’s hermeneutics, he responds to that question within the structure of a common human anthropology, where the individual person stands in a double relationship to the common life.

These biographies were mostly laudatory, often being a product of the court. g. the relationship between king and his subjects). 03 28 Jesus and the Rise of Nationalism scholastic areas, especially in theology, law and medicine. Reflecting the selfconfidence of these groups, biographies presented them as rising above their estates or their own narrow group; instead they belonged to society at large, even to humanity. They represented education as the universality of culture (Bildung), and thereby pointed towards the future development of society.

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Jesus and the Rise of Nationalism: A New Quest for the Nineteenth Century Historical Jesus by Halvor Moxnes

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