By Boris Zhivkov
In Khazaria within the 9th and the 10th Centuries Boris Zhivkov bargains a brand new view on Khazaria by way of scrutinizing different visions provided via fresh scholarship. The paucity of written resources has made it essential to flip to additional info concerning the steppe states during this interval, and to research remarkable instances indirectly relating to the Khazars. In re-examining the Khazars, he hence makes use of not just the recognized documentary assets and archaeological reveals but additionally what we all know from historical past of religions (comparative mythology), heritage of paintings, structural anthropology and folklore stories. during this method the ebook attracts jointly a synthesis of conclusions, info and idea.
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Extra resources for Khazaria in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries
In addition to the linguistic and cultural homogenization, this was a process of cultural and religious syncretism, especially between Iranian and Turkic traditions, in which major gods could have both Iranian and Turkic names, and the nobility in the new nomadic federations included Iranian, Turkic and Ugrian elements, which co-existed and fought side by side”. 36 Rashev 2001, 13. Rashev 2007a, 32 ties this theory to the migration of the Huns, which he sees as a cause for the possible “impurities” in the evolution of the Bulgarian ethnogenesis.
Not surprisingly, M. Magomedov associates one of these versions with the Khazars. The scholar accepts that the catacomb burial ritual, defined by him as Khazar, stems from the traditions of Middle Asia (Magomedov 1994, 33–34 and 91–97). 63 Skripkin 1982, 54. The Ideology Of The Ninth And Tenth Centuries 33 was also located in this territory and the populations of the two cultures played an important role in it. It is assumed that the name Kangju derives from the old and mythical Turanian center Kangha (Kang).
The main problem with the theory of B. Vainberg is the late dating of the arrival of the Bulgars, and the Khazars as well, in Europe—the sixth century. This theory follows the chronology of the emergence of state entities among the steppe tribes in Europe—the Bulgar and Khazar states were created after the unification of the Sabirs. Since the Sabirs came to Europe in the fifth century, the Bulgars and Khazars followed. 75 72 Levina 1968, 178; Levina 1981, 172–175; Levina 1996, 28, 89, and 375–376; Levina 1998, 55–56; Andrialov and Levina 1979, 95–97; Vainberg 1990, 100–101, 185, and 192–194.
Khazaria in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries by Boris Zhivkov