By Scott M. Eddie
The massive landlords of japanese Germany have loomed huge within the country's historical past, however the absence of authentic data on land possession has left their place and id constrained to folklore, with no passable quantification. This research, making vast use of basic assets from the seven "core provinces" of japanese Germany-the so-called "East Elbian" region-establishes solutions to questions pivotal to our figuring out of pre-war Germany: who have been the largest land vendors, either via quarter and by means of the tax overview in their land? Which social teams held land? How a lot land did they personal and the place? How did this alteration, particularly over the last many years ahead of the good struggle? Professor Eddie demonstrates that almost all of the inroads into land possession by means of the bourgeoisie had already been made by way of the mid-1850s, maybe even earlier than the mid-1830s. notwithstanding, the most attention-grabbing findings during this research is that, regardless of fast industrialization after 1880, there has been a internet exodus of the nouveaux riches from the ranks of enormous land vendors. at the eve of battle, the most important landowners have been the Prussian country, the royalty, and the better the Aristocracy. Meticulously researched and carefully documented, this ebook could be the benchmark for all destiny paintings during this zone.
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Extra info for Landownership in Eastern Germany Before the Great War: A Quantitative Analysis
These were East Prussia, West Prussia, Posen, Silesia, province of Saxony, Brandenburg, and Pomerania. The current work covers exactly the same provinces. ³⁷ ‘Die Latifundien im Preussischen Osten’, Jahrbücher für Nationalökomie und Statistik, ns 16 (1888), 121–70. ³⁸ Conrad was the second editor of the journal, taking over from the founding editor, Bruno Hildebrand, in 1878. 8 Introduction was not the individual property, but how much land an individual owner held in a given province. For this calculation, he apparently had his statistical assistant count all properties in each Handbook, even though some of the properties were smaller than 100 hectares.
1; they are taken from: Germany. Kaiserliches Statistisches Amt, Statistik des Deutschen Reichs, ns 212, pt 2b (Berlin: Puttkammer & Mühlbrecht, 1912), Übersicht 1, app. 2∗ . 16 Introduction the total amount of land comprising the farm. On the other hand, comparable data to column 2 can be extracted from the Handbook (column 3), or else total area can be extracted from both sources (columns 4 and 5). Had Buchsteiner been able to do either of these calculations, the correct differences between the two sources would not have appeared so ‘astonishingly great’,⁷⁴ and could have been quite easily ascribed to two main causes: 1.
In one important sense, the omission can be justiﬁed: the Prussian state was far and away the biggest landowner in every one of the provinces here under review; including it in the data could let a single owner so overwhelm the distribution as to mask the situation of the other landowners in the province. In this book I will seek both to delineate more precisely the extent of Prussian state landownership and to cast light into the shadow it throws over other categories of landowners. 2. ⁴⁴ Richter, on the other hand, chose the later date of 1891 to begin his study because Conrad had already published an article on Silesia in 1880,⁴⁵ as a part of his series.
Landownership in Eastern Germany Before the Great War: A Quantitative Analysis by Scott M. Eddie