Lectures on light : nonlinear and quantum optics using the by Stephen C. Rand PDF

By Stephen C. Rand

ISBN-10: 019181783X

ISBN-13: 9780191817830

ISBN-10: 019875745X

ISBN-13: 9780198757450

This paintings bridges a niche among introductory optics texts and the leading edge of optical technology, the place mild is used as a device to probe the houses of latest fabrics. A unmarried mathematical device is brought that allows readers to appreciate laser tweezers, laser cooling, optical magnetism, squeezed gentle, and plenty of different complicated topics.

summary: This paintings bridges a spot among introductory optics texts and the forefront of optical technology, the place mild is used as a device to probe the houses of latest fabrics. A unmarried mathematical instrument is brought that allows readers to appreciate laser tweezers, laser cooling, optical magnetism, squeezed mild, and plenty of different complex issues

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Additional info for Lectures on light : nonlinear and quantum optics using the density matrix

Sample text

These options for representing problems are explored further in the next section. One of the three pictures is generally preferable to another for a given problem. The choice of representation is determined by what aspect of system dynamics is to be emphasized in calculations. 2 Equations of Motion in Different Representations The basic equation of motion is Schrödinger’s equation, given by Eq. 2). However, it is a matter of convenience as to whether one views the physical effects of system dynamics as being associated primarily with the atomic wavefunction, or the perturbing field operator, or as being divided between the two.

The factor of 1/2 in the first term on the right of both Eq. 21) and Eq. 22) at least correctly accounts for the difference between probability amplitude and probability density. Presuming the additions to Eqs. 22) are correct despite their ad hoc nature, a perturbative approach similar to that developed earlier could be used to solve them. For initial conditions C2 (0) = 0 and C1 (0) = 1 one finds C1 (t) = C1 (0) exp(–γ1 t/2) = exp(–γ1 t/2) . 23) Substituting Eq. 23) into Eq. 21) with an integrating factor of exp(γ2 t/2), one finds d i μ¯ 21 · E¯ 0 exp(γ2 t / 2)C2 = exp[i(ω0 – ω)t] exp[(–γ1 + γ2 )t/2].

However, in the century or so that has passed since the discovery of quantum mechanics, analytic solutions for the wavefunctions of only a handful of simple, isolated atoms like hydrogen and helium have emerged. So it may be hard to imagine applying this approach successfully to modern research on new materials. However, its limitations can be overcome by realizing that the vast majority of optical problems involve the same interaction Hamiltonian, do not require knowledge of the wavefunction itself, and can be enormously simplified by experimental as well as theoretical procedures.

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Lectures on light : nonlinear and quantum optics using the density matrix by Stephen C. Rand


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