New PDF release: Lithuania ascending: a pagan empire within east-central

By Rowell Stephen Christopher

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Extra resources for Lithuania ascending: a pagan empire within east-central Europe, 1295-1345

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Lithuania survived because she too learnt to play the game. In their policy o f rapprochement with the Knights, Boleslaw’s elder sons were supported by Bishop Florian o f Plock whose see covered the whole o f Mazovia. Needless to say, this provoked the ire o f the Lithuanians who attacked the bishop’s lands and his cathedral repeatedly. An assault on the diocese o f Plock did not necessarily involve any danger to Waclaw for the cathedral stood in Pultusk outside his recently created duchy. Diocesan lands in Pomezania and Michalowo, areas closely controlled by the Knights, were exchanged in 13 12 and 13 16 for villages on the Mazovian border with Chelnmo.

Rebane, ‘ Denmark, the Papacy and the Christianization o f Estonia’, G li inizi del Cristianesimo in Livonia—Lettonia (Vatican City, 1989), 17 1-2 0 1. 11 F. Benninghoven, Rigas Entstehung und der friihhansische Kaujmann (Hamburg, 1961). E. Gudavicius, ‘ Ryges recht ir ius civile Rigensis civitatis Gedimino aktuose’, Lietuvos Istorijos Metrastis (1986), 79-85. The Teutonic Order’s Konigsberg Archive in Berlin has a copy o f Rigan Law from the fourteenth century - P K K A , O F, 293, f. SO-97v (Das Gemeine Recht des stichtiches Ryge) and f.

Higounet, Die deutsche Ostsiedlung ini Mittelalter (Munich, 1990), 2 18 -4 7 , 282-305. Biskup and Labuda, D zieje Zakonu, 196-8, 3 1 8 - 2 1. See also H. Wunder, ‘ Siedlung und Bevolkerung im Ordensstaat, Herzogtum und Konigreich Prcusscn 1 3 -1 8 Jahrhundert’, Studien zuitt Deutschtum im Osten, 19 :2 (1987), 67-98. 35 In return for land the settlers were often expected to provide men, horses and arms for the Knights in the war against the pagans. 37 These people were generally o f German stock, although Polish and even Rus’ian settlers were not uncommon.

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Lithuania ascending: a pagan empire within east-central Europe, 1295-1345 by Rowell Stephen Christopher


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