By Leszek Kolakowski
From thinker Leszek Kolakowski, one of many giants of twentieth-century highbrow heritage, comes this hugely infuential learn of Marxism. Written in exile, this 'prophetic paintings' provides, in response to the Library of Congress, 'the such a lot lucid and complete heritage of the origins, constitution, and posthumous improvement of the procedure of proposal that had the best effect at the 20th century'. Kolakowski strains the highbrow foundations of Marxist proposal from Plotonius via Lenin, Lukacs, Sartre and Mao. He finds Marxism to be 'the maximum myth of our century ...an concept that begun in Promethean humanism and culminated within the large tyranny of Stalinism'. In an excellent coda, he examines the cave in of overseas Communism in gentle of the final tumultuous many years. major Currents of Marxism is still the fundamental booklet in its box.
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Extra resources for Main Currents of Marxism - Vol 2 - The Golden Age
The bombs do not hit the su mptuous villas of rich F ascists which are s cattered along the s hores of the bay of N aples ; they hit thos e high storied hous es so crowded one on top of the other that th e s treets are no more than dark passages between them; hous es where people live fou r or five in a room. When German cities are bomb ed it is not the Nazi el ite which suff ers. They have deep and comfortab le s helters just like the el ite in this country. Their families have b een evacu ated to safe d istr ids ur to Switzerland.
A certain atmosphere of "belonging," the consciousness of being "at one" with the people and environment, is more essential to one's feeling of home. This holds good in relation to one's family, the smaller local circle, as well as the larger phase of the life and activities commonly called one's country. The individual whose vision encompasses the whole world often feels no where so hedged in and out of touch with his surroundi ngs than in his native land. In pre-war times the individual could at least escape national and family bore dom.
But if you do believe it, you must logically come to anarchism. Your only alternative is to be a skeptic and authoritarian-a person who has so little faith in the natural order that he will attempt to make the world conform to some artificial sys tem of his own devising . . The main thing is to establish your principles-the principles of equal ity, of in dividual freedom , of workers' control. The community then aims at the establish ment of these principles from the starting point of local needs and local conditions.
Main Currents of Marxism - Vol 2 - The Golden Age by Leszek Kolakowski