By Sven T. Lagerwall
Learn on metal-containing liquid crystals is a speedily increasing, multidisciplinary box with new fabrics always being synthesized and novel purposes being constructed. 'Metallomesogens' is the 1st accomplished survey of the sphere, introducing the reader to: * fabrics layout * synthesis * actual houses * rising functions conscientiously chosen references around off this well-organized compendium. it truly is an integral advisor to skilled researchers in coordination and organometallic chemistry in addition to in liquid-crystal and fabrics technological know-how. beginners and graduate scholars also will reap the benefits of this didactically sound creation to the sector.
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Extra resources for Metallomesogens: synthesis, properties, and applications
The gas-liquid-solid phase diagram. Two phases coexist along the transition lines and all transitions are discontinuous, involving latent heat. When we move from the triple point Tt toward T, the latent heat for the liquid-gas transition diminishes monotonically and the transition becomes continuous at T,. the critical point. For carbon dioxide this point lies at 3 1"C. Above this temperature you cannot condense CO, to liquid form whatever pressure P is applied. On the other hand, you can go from gas to liquid without passing a phase transition, as indicated.
The point T, is indeed very special, there is no more latent heat because the gaseous state can no longer be distinguished from the liquid state, as it can for T < T, and there are huge fluctuations of liquid-like and gas-like domains in each other, hence density fluctuations, leading to the phenomenon of critical opalescence, which is a strong anomalous scattering of light. On the other hand the line between solid (s) and liquid (1) never stops. How can we know this? The answer was given by Lev Landau who noticed that the symmetry, Figure 8.
These theories also have the advantage that they can be applied to ferroelectric liquid crystals. Finally, a comment has to be made about the polar materials called electrets. The word itself was introduced by Heaviside at the end of the last century  to designate a permanently polarized dielectric, in analogy with the word magnet. It has, however, hardly been used in that general sense, but has instead acquired a special meaning. The first electrets were prepared by Eguchi [83, 841 at practically the same time as the discovery of ferroelectrics by Valasek.
Metallomesogens: synthesis, properties, and applications by Sven T. Lagerwall