By Joshua C. Birk
This booklet is an investigative learn of Christian and Islamic family members within the nation of Sicily throughout the 11th and 12th centuries. It has 3 pursuits. First, it establishes how and why the Norman rulers of Sicily, all of whom have been Christians, included Muslim squaddies, farmers, students, and bureaucrats into the formation in their personal royal identities and got here to rely on their Muslim matters to undertaking and implement their political energy. moment, it examines how the Islamic impact in the Sicilian court docket drew little scrutiny, or even much less feedback, from intellectuals within the wider global of Latin Christendom throughout the period of time. ultimately, it contextualizes and explains the eventual emergence of Christian renowned violence opposed to Muslims in Sicily within the latter 1/2 the 12th century and the evolution of a much broader discourse of anti-Islamic sentiment all through Western Europe.
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Extra info for Norman Kings of Sicily and the Rise of the Anti-Islamic Critique: Baptized Sultans
Chapter Summary Chapter 2 traces the integration of Muslims into the armies of Roger I, from his personal alliance with the Muslim Amir Ibn al-Thumna in 1061 to the use of mass levees of thousands of Muslims in the final decades of INTRODUCTION 21 the twelfth century. The increasing integration of Muslim soldiers into the Norman armies of Southern Italy provides numerous examples of how Latin authors depicted Muslim soldiers under the command of Christian leaders. The chapter illustrates that few eleventh-century authors viewed the presence of such Muslims as controversial and that they never made use of these soldiers in polemical attacks against Sicilian leaders.
Mario D’Onofrio, 279–287. Venice: Marsilio. Bellafiore, Giuseppe. 1990. Architettura in Sicilia nelle età islamica e normanna (827–1194). Lombardi. Birk, Joshua C. 2011. The Betrayal of Antioch: Narratives of Conversion and Conquest During the First Crusade. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 41(3): 463–485. ———. 2012. Imagining the Enemy: Southern Italian Perception of Muslims in the Wake of the First Crusade. In Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads: Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Encounters and Exchanges, ed.
112–35. 12. 21–45. 13. 21. 14. Roger II is depicted in this regalia in a mosaic in the S. Maria dell’Ammiraglio, a church founded by his chief minister George of Antioch. Tramontana (1993), pp. 86–88; Ernst Kitzinger (1990). 15. 19. 16. 113–32. 17. See Chap. 7. 18. Nirenberg (1996). 19. 173. Most notably Johns (2002), Metcalfe (2003, 2009), Taylor (2003), and Nef (2011). 21. 103–33; Catlos (2014). 22. Tolan et al. 3. 23. 505–6. 123–41. 24. Tolan et al. 12–13. 25. Genesis 16:12, New International Version.
Norman Kings of Sicily and the Rise of the Anti-Islamic Critique: Baptized Sultans by Joshua C. Birk