By Philip Longworth
During the centuries, Russia has swung sharply among profitable expansionism, catastrophic cave in, and miraculous restoration. This illuminating heritage lines those dramatic cycles of increase and bust from the overdue Neolithic age to Ivan the negative, and from the peak of Communism to the truncated Russia of today.
Philip Longworth explores the dynamics of Russia's previous via time and house, from the anonymous adventurers who first penetrated this huge, inhospitable terrain to a solid of dynamic characters that comes with Ivan the bad, Catherine the good, and Stalin. His narrative takes within the superb, old towns of Kiev, Moscow, and St. Petersburg; it stretches to Alaska within the east, to the Black Sea and the Ottoman Empire to the south, to the Baltic within the west and to Archangel and the Artic Ocean to the north.
Who are the Russians and what's the resource in their imperialistic tradition? Why was once Russia so pushed to colonize and overcome? From Kievan Rus'—-the first-ever Russian kingdom, which collapsed with the invasion of the Mongols within the 13th century—-to ruthless Muscovy, the Russian Empire of the eighteenth century and at last the Soviet interval, this groundbreaking learn analyses the expansion and dissolution of every massive empire because it offers method to the next.
Refreshing in its perception and drawing on an enormous variety of scholarship, this booklet additionally explicitly addresses the query of what the long run holds for Russia and her buddies, and asks even if her sphere of effect is becoming.
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Extra info for Russia: The Once and Future Empire From Pre-History to Putin
F. de Martens, Recueil des traites et conventions conclus par la Russie avec les puissances etrangeres, 15 vols (St Petersburg, 1874-1909), vol. IX(X), pp. 222-3. Cf. Madariaga, Russia, p. 194. See Isabel de Madariaga's discerning examination of James Harris's use of bribery: 'The Use of British Secret Funds at St Petersburg, 17771782', Slavonic and East European Review, XXXII (1953-54) pp. 464-74. H. S. 9: SIRJO, vol. LI, pp. 120, 398. This can be followed in the volumes of SIRIO: see, for example, vol.
134; vol. 178. The only study of Franco-Russian relations is the old and rather slight volume of L. Jacobsohn, Russland und Frankreich in den ersten Regierungsjahren der 36 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. , 1762-lm (Berlin, 1929), which is based entirely on published documents. ), Recueil des Instructions donnees aux ambassadeurs et ministres de France, vol. IX, ... Russie, vol. /I (1749-1789) pp. 286-305. For his career and policies see Orville T. Murphy, Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes: French Diplomacy in the Age of Revolution 17191787 (Albany, New York, 1982).
XX. Frederick II to Rohde, 16 July 1765 in J. G. Droysen et al. (eds), Politische Correspondenz Friedrichs des Grossen, 46 vols (Berlin etc, 1879--1939), vol. XXIV, p. 253; 'Political Testament' of 1768, Die politischen Testamente, p. 646. 704, for his fears as late as 1776. H. M. Scott 35 41. For this development see H. M. Scott, 'Frederick II and the Decline of Prussia's International Position, 1763-1786', German History (forthcoming). 42. The attitude of Austria and her rulers can be reconstructed from the fundamental work of Alfred von Arneth, Geschichte Maria Theresias, 10 vols (Vienna, 1863-79): vols VIII and X are particularly relevant for Habsburg foreign policy after the Seven Years War.
Russia: The Once and Future Empire From Pre-History to Putin by Philip Longworth