By Corinna Elsenbroich, David Anzola, Nigel Gilbert
This booklet provides a multi-disciplinary research into extortion rackets with a selected specialise in the buildings of legal enterprises and their cave in, societal strategies within which extortion rackets attempt and fail and the affects of bottom-up and top-down methods of struggling with extortion racketeering. via integrating quite a number disciplines and strategies the ebook presents an in depth case examine of empirically dependent computational social technological know-how. it truly is in accordance with a wealth of qualitative information relating to a number of extortion rackets, comparable to the Sicilian Mafia, a global cash laundering corporation and a predatory extortion case in Germany. Computational tools are used for info research, to aid in operationalising information to be used in agent-based versions and to discover constructions and dynamics of extortion racketeering via simulations. as well as textual facts assets, stakeholders and specialists are largely concerned, supplying narratives for research and qualitative validation of versions. The e-book offers a scientific software of computational social technology tips on how to the substantial region of extortion racketeering. The reader will achieve a deep figuring out of extortion rackets, particularly their entrenchment in society and procedures assisting and undermining extortion rackets. additionally lined are computational social technology tools, specifically computationally assisted textual content research and agent-based modelling, and the mixing of empirical, theoretical and computational social science.
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Extra resources for Social Dimensions of Organised Crime: Modelling the Dynamics of Extortion Rackets
Criminal networks can, through social structures, directly or indirectly affect the effectiveness of individual coping mechanisms, by modulating cognitive and emotional responses to the threat of extortion. A reasonably mentally healthy individual, for example, is unlikely to overcome extortion if governmental institutions are not trustworthy. Some contexts can also boost the effect of the threat of extortion by pairing it with additional stressors. A victim is more likely to comply with the victimiser’s demand when extortion is immersed in a context of generalised violence.
Victims of domestic violence that do not have this support are less likely to judge their situation as negative and seek help. Victims of systemic extortion are likely to display similar inhibitors to those displayed by victims of domestic violence when deciding whether to report. The involvement in illegal activities is a straightforward concern, which is particularly relevant in cases of symbiotic extortion, where the victim and the perpetrator might be working in collusion. Victims might also be reluctant to report when the criminal organisation is involved in the provision of social and public services.
Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1 Introduction The emergence and prevalence of systemic extortion depends on particular institutional arrangements, produced as adaptive responses of the interaction between different social actors. The following typology characterises these arrangements in six categories, involving three main social actors: criminal organisations,1 state and civil society. While the six categories focus on institutional arrangements that foster systemic extortion, the typology could be loosely described as presenting two categories focusing on each of the three main social actors: state, criminal organisations and civil society (see Fig.
Social Dimensions of Organised Crime: Modelling the Dynamics of Extortion Rackets by Corinna Elsenbroich, David Anzola, Nigel Gilbert