By Jr. Walter S. Dunn
Such a lot army historians have hassle comprehending the miracle that happened in overdue 1941 and early 1942 within the Soviet Union. in the summertime of 1941, the German military routed the crimson military because it had routed the Polish, British, French and different armies in 1939, 1940, and early 1941. None were capable of face up to German may well various weeks. while Hitler invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, his legions speedy overcame the Soviet divisions they met, and it looked as if it would such a lot that Hitler could be triumphant as he had prior to. an important section of the prewar crimson military were thoroughly annihilated, hundreds of thousands of prisoners taken, and the main populous and constructed provinces of the Soviet Union occupied through the Germans and their allies.In September, the Germans surrounded and captured a big bag of divisions east of Kiev, simply to come across a flood of recent crimson military divisions after they redirected their intentions on Moscow. in brief order the Wehrmacht broke via this line, and approached close by of the outskirts of the capital. There, they have been shocked through a major offensive fixed through much more new divisions. different international locations had surrendered after wasting one military, not to mention . The Soviets got here again with a third—which despatched the Germans reeling to the rear. How was once this possible?Dunn's specified exam indicates that, faraway from carelessly throwing hundreds of thousands of disorganized, untrained males into conflict, the Soviets correctly used the assets to hand to withstand and force again the invaders as soon as the preliminary surprise have been absorbed. He unearths how the Soviets systematically expert males as replacements for casualties in present devices, frequently renaming the unit (a stream that stressed German intelligence then and keeps to confound historians today). Unit integrity was once as major within the purple military as in different armies. males weren't robot clones, and every had strengths and weaknesses. understanding this resulted in unit integrity and good fortune at the battlefield. Tracing the formation and dedication to conflict of Soviet devices, whatever the adjustments of designation, is essential to knowing the good fortune and failure of Soviet operations—and Stalin's keys to victory.
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Additional info for Stalin's Keys to Victory: The Rebirth of the Red Army
During the war, the Red Army relied on artillery more than any of the other major armies in World War II. During the war, the Soviet Union produced more than 500,000 guns and mortars. The Russian arms industry produced more than enough artillery despite German occupation of the most industrialized part of its country. MOBILIZING ARMS PRODUCTION 29 The Soviets established requirements and then designed, selected, produced, and distributed artillery based on a few simple factors: the level of destructive power needed to be delivered by whom and at what distance from the weapon.
34 STALIN’S KEYS TO VICTORY In developing their estimates, the Germans considerably reduced the numbers given by prisoners, placing the Sverdlovsk production at 200 monthly instead of 1,200, Chelyabinsk at 100 to 200 instead of 540, and Omsk at 200 instead of 600. The Soviet totals on hand were higher than the German estimates. The German estimate of a stock of 6,835 was well below the actual number of 20,600 available to the Soviets on January 1, 1943. In June 1943, the Germans estimated a possible 12,500 including 7,050 in known units, 4,000 in unlocated units, and about 1,500 not in units, far below the actual number of more than 22,000.
Vassilyev, Kvatschow, Lavrenov, Gonscharov, and another (the name was illegible in the document) came from Mogilev in Belarus and spoke a Slavic language. Gremev and Avilov spoke Russian and came from Ryazan. Uchanov, Amyankov, and Stepezov came from central Asia. Uchanov was Russian but came from the Tatar Republic. His language was related to Turkish, and he may 18 STALIN’S KEYS TO VICTORY have been bilingual. Amyankov was a Chuvash whose language was related to Finnish. Stepezov was a Russian born in Moscow.
Stalin's Keys to Victory: The Rebirth of the Red Army by Jr. Walter S. Dunn