New PDF release: Statistical Analysis in Forensic Science : Evidential Values

By Grzegorz Zadora

ISBN-10: 0470972106

ISBN-13: 9780470972106

ISBN-10: 1118763157

ISBN-13: 9781118763155

ISBN-10: 1118763173

ISBN-13: 9781118763179

ISBN-10: 1118763181

ISBN-13: 9781118763186

ISBN-10: 130611859X

ISBN-13: 9781306118590

A pragmatic advisor for selecting the evidential worth of physicochemical information Microtraces of assorted fabrics (e.g. glass, paint, fibres, and petroleum items) are mostly subjected to physicochemical exam by way of forensic specialists, whose position is to guage such physicochemical information within the context of the prosecution and defence propositions. Such examinations go back several types of info, including Read more...

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This publication offers the tools and software program to let statisticians and forensic specialists to paintings successfully with proof overview tools. It additionally covers a set of contemporary probability ratio Read more...

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Extra resources for Statistical Analysis in Forensic Science : Evidential Values of Multivariate Physicochemical Data

Sample text

2). The application of the last method ensured that the compositions of glass objects lay on the unit hypersphere. This transformation essentially maps Cartesian coordinates to polar coordinates. Models which allow for consideration of three levels of variability were also proposed by Aitken et al. (2006). These three levels of variability considered variability of measurements made on the analysed glass piece originating from a larger glass object (called measurement 26 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS IN FORENSIC SCIENCE error), variability of measurements made within the glass object (within-object variability), and variability of measurements made on various glass objects from a relevant population (between-object variability).

5%) were obtained for a model which applied a multivariate Hotelling’s T 2 distance and kernel density estimation in the context of the following propositions: that of the prosecutor (H1 ), that the control and recovered Semtex samples came from the same bulk source; and that of the defence (H2 ), that the control and recovered Semtex samples came from different bulk sources. In Zieba-Palus et al. 4). All the car paint samples contained styrene-acrylic-urethane binders and their chemical composition was very similar.

1 as well as in Zadora (2010). Finally, the problem of verifying food products authenticity is a classification problem that can be solved using physicochemical data obtained from various analytical methods. The results of the research presented in Martyna et al. (2013) show that LR models can be successfully applied to this problem. 1), obtained from Bayes’ theorem (Appendix A), can be written as P(H1 ) P(E|H1 ) P(H1 |E) = · . 2 Their estimation lies within the competence of the fact finders (judge, prosecutor, or police) expressing their opinions on the hypotheses of interest before the evidence is analysed, thus 2 Strictly speaking, the term odds should only be used when the propositions H and H are mutually exclusive 1 2 and exhaustive.

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Statistical Analysis in Forensic Science : Evidential Values of Multivariate Physicochemical Data by Grzegorz Zadora


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