Contains 4 Technical Corrigenda (addenda), and 3 Technical Circulars supplying revisions to NACE MR0175/ISO 15156, "Petroleum and ordinary fuel industries-Materials to be used in H2S-containing environments in oil and fuel construction.
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Extra resources for Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Materials for Oilfield Equipment
Grain boundary allotriomorphs and intragranular idiomorphs of ferrite. 34 wt% C steel, 15 min at 725◦ C. Intragranular Widmanstätten ferrite plates. 2 wt% C steel, 10 min at 730◦ C. Grain boundary allotriomorphs and intragranular idiomorphs of cementite. Widmanstätten cementite: optical micrographs, (a)–(d) ×500, (e) and (f) ×350 (courtesy of R. A. Ricks). Grain boundary allotriomorphs are the first morphology to appear over the whole range of composition and temperature. However, at the highest temperatures (above 800◦ C), they predominate by growing along the boundaries, and also into the grains to give a well-defined grain structure, generally referred to 44 CHAPTER 3 IRON–CARBON EQUILIBRIUM AND PLAIN CARBON STEELS as equi-axed ferrite.
Observations indicate that the dislocation density just after the lower yield stress is much higher than that observed at the upper yield point. To summarize, the occurrence of a sharp yield point depends on the occurrence of a sudden increase in the number of mobile dislocations. However, the precise mechanism by which this takes place will depend on the effectiveness of the locking of the pre-existing dislocations. If the pinning is weak, then the yield point can arise as a result of unpinning.
K. D. H. , Components of the Creep Strength of Welds, Mathematical Modelling of Weld Phenomena 6, Maney Publishers, London, 243, 2002. Charles, J. A. and Smith, G. C. (eds), Advances in Physical Metallurgy, Sir Alan Cottrell 70th Birthday Meeting, The Institute of Materials, London, UK, 1990. Christian, J. , Some surprising features of the deformation of bcc metals, Metallurgical Transactions 14A, 1237, 1983. Cottrell, A. , Dislocations and Plastic Flow in Crystals, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1953.
Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Materials for Oilfield Equipment by NACE