By Elaheh Kheirandish
Like all classical Greek texts on technology, Euclid's works on optics in the beginning got here to the West in general via medieval Arabic texts and commentaries. whereas a number of Greek types of the Optika have been found and translated as early because the 16th century, checking out what could have been Euclid's unique has now not been effortless. This ebook offers a severe translation of an Arabic texts and of Arabic commentaries at the textual content, and areas the total in a historic context. The Optics is especially fascinating in that Euclid's textual content was once significantly reworked within the strategy of translation into Arabic "equivalents"; furthermore, a number of of the Arabic variations of Euclid's textual content (c. three hundred BC) contained liberal admixtures of a far later booklet by way of Ptolemy (c. 2 hundred advert) of a similar name. What used to be known as "Euclid's Optics," the "Kitab Uqlidis fi Ikhtilaf al-manazir," hence turned as a lot an exposition of an Arabic model of a visible conception as a translation of Euclid's principles at the topic. In getting ready this variation, Dr. Kheirandish has hence not just looked after out some of the manuscript models of Al-Manazir, but in addition comparable and unrelated texts that have been usually harassed with it.
Read or Download The Arabic Version of Euclid’s Optics: Edited and Translated with Historical Introduction and Commentary Volume I PDF
Similar optics books
The straightforward option to make clear Optics
In basic phrases, optics is the technological know-how of sunshine. extra particularly, optics is a department of physics that describes the habit and homes of sunshine? together with seen, infrared, and ultraviolet? and the interplay of sunshine with matter.
"Optics For Dummies" grants an approachable advent to optical technology, equipment, and functions. You'll get plain-English causes of the character of sunshine and optical results; mirrored image, refraction, and diffraction; colour dispersion; optical units, business, scientific, and armed forces functions; in addition to laser mild basics. Tracks a regular undergraduate optics path particular causes of ideas and summaries of equations beneficial information for learn from collage professors
If you're taking an optics direction in your significant in physics or engineering, enable "Optics For Dummies" make clear the topic and assist you prevail!
Ingeometrical optics, gentle propagation is analyzed when it comes to mild rays which outline the trail of propagation of sunshine strength within the limitofthe optical wavelength tending to 0. Many good points oflight propagation should be analyzed in phrases ofrays,ofcourse, sophisticated results close to foci, caustics or turning issues would want an research in line with the wave natureoflight.
This thorough and self-contained creation to fashionable optics covers, in complete, the 3 parts: ray optics, wave optics and quantum optics. Examples of recent purposes within the present century are used widely.
This booklet offers rising modern optical strategies of ultrafast technology that have opened fullyyt new vistas for probing organic entities and tactics. The spectrum reaches from time-resolved imaging and multiphoton microscopy to melanoma remedy and experiences of DNA harm. The booklet screens interdisciplinary examine on the interface of physics and biology.
- Field Guide to Diffractive Optics (SPIE Field Guide Vol. FG21)
- Optics of Semiconductors and Their Nanostructures
- Optoelectronic Line Transmission. An Introduction to Fibre Optics
- Nonlinear Optics of Nanoparticles and Nanocomposites
- Foundations of laser spectroscopy
Extra info for The Arabic Version of Euclid’s Optics: Edited and Translated with Historical Introduction and Commentary Volume I
J'" Cairo: Dar al-kutub al-Mifiriyya, MR40, 7: fol. 88a, 1146H. Copyist: codex. ::. J. [King, "Notes on Sources," p. 453; King, Cairo Catalogue, v. 2, p. 1029: MR 40,6; King, Cairo Survey, p. 34: MR40, I, fol. 88rJ. Princeton: Princeton University 4855 (Yehud. 1553): 17b, 1179H. J'" Copyist. ; Mach, Garrett Collection, p. 419]. Istanbul: Topkapl SaraYl, Hazine 603,3, 46a, 1194H. fi16/ \ .... J'" Copyist: colophon. ::. J. Both figures unclear. Manchester: John Rylands 350 (381),5: 79b-80a, 1196H.
Lviii Part I Introduction to the Texts this dating, see bl in List II, p. xlix], best known for his important commentary on Ibn al-Haytham's Optics, with the modest title of Tanqf/:t al-Manli~ir [see Summary and Commentary: Proposition 20, v. 2, pp. 55-59]. PRa [as in manli~ir] or Ra'li [as in ru'yaJ. There is a Kitlib al-Ba~ar wa al-ba~fra, once attributed to Thabit ibn Qurra (d. 289/901), and a Kayftyat al-ib~lir, attributed to Abu Bakr Zakariya al-Rlizi (d. 311/923),34 as well as the al-Qawl ft al-Ib~lir wa al-mub~ar of AbU al-l;Iasan al'Amiri (d.
By Sinlin ibn aI-Pat]:J (ca. 4th/10th century) Cairo: Dar aI-Kutub Dr 260, 3: 92b-94a, ca. 600H. [King, Cairo Catalogue, v. 2, p. 1030; King, Cairo Survey, p. 39: "QawlJi l-misal,zat al-mana;iriya": unique; Sezgin, GAS VII, p. 406]. J1 al-lb~ar wa al-mub~ar IM/rl by Abu aI-l;Iasan aI-'Amin (d. 382/992) Cairo: Dar aI-kutub, Taymur l;Iikma 98, no. , unique? ), 'Amiri, Rasa'il, pp. 335-363] . " ~ J WI •. ; ~ KH/ wa a'midat al- jibal wa irtifii' al-ghuyum by al-ShaykhAbi 'Ali ibn al-Haytham (d. ca.
The Arabic Version of Euclid’s Optics: Edited and Translated with Historical Introduction and Commentary Volume I by Elaheh Kheirandish