The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives - download pdf or read online

By David Nicolle

ISBN-10: 1841761796

ISBN-13: 9781841761794

Born amid monstrous pain and bloodshed, the dominion of Jerusalem remained a battlefield for nearly two hundred years. The Crusades gave upward push to the army Orders of the Templars and Hospitallers, and have been a backdrop to the careers of a few of history's most renowned leaders together with Richard 'The Lionheart' and Saladin. every now and then the savagery of the Crusaders left their rivals reeling, growing frictions that survived for greater than seven hundred years. while, as this booklet lavishly illustrates, artwork, structure and studying all benefited from new wisdom the Crusaders introduced again from the East.

Show description

Read or Download The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives PDF

Best religious history books

''Religion'' and the Religions in the English Enlightenment - download pdf or read online

The beginning of the fashionable notion of faith will be traced to the Enlightenment. This publication indicates how the recommendations of "religion" and "the religions" arose from controversies in 17th- and eighteenth-century England. The start of "the religions," conceived of as units of ideals and practices, created a brand new technological know-how of faith during which a number of the "religions" will be studied and impartially in comparison.

Religion and the American Future - download pdf or read online

Faith and the yankee destiny is a full of life, realized discussion at the position of faith in American society. The individuals increase their voices towards the tide of cynicism and constraint that regularly overwhelms faith in public existence and argue that tolerance, appreciate, and unfastened expression needs to outline the way forward for faith in the United States.

Download e-book for iPad: Before the God in This Place for Good Remembrance: A by Anne Katrine De Hemmer Gudme

This monograph explores Yahwistic votive perform within the Hellenistic interval. The dedicatory inscriptions from the Yahweh temple on Mount Gerizim are the article of an research of Yahwistic votive perform, witnessed in and outdoors Biblical literature. The learn starts the dialogue via putting votive perform in a theoretical framework of gift-giving and fills a scholarly void through setting up this tradition as a vital part of the sacrificial approach within the Hebrew Bible.

Download e-book for iPad: The Influence of Abraham Cohen de Herrera’s Kabbalah on by Miquel Beltran

During this booklet the writer seeks to discover historiographical and textual proof that Abraham Cohen de Herrera s major kabbalistic paintings, "Puerta del Cielo," prompted Spinoza s metaphysics because it is said in his later paintings, the "Ethica. " a number of the most crucial ontological issues maintained via the thinker, just like the notion of the 1st reason as substance, the procession of the countless modes, the subjective or metaphorical fact of the attributes, and the 2 diverse understandings of God, have been expected in Herrera s mystical treatise.

Extra resources for The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives

Sample text

It started with relatively small-scale operations against neighbouring Islamic territory in Syria but then a bolder plan was devised. The Crusaders would attack Egypt itself but this time, with control of the Eastern Mediterranean, they could invade from the sea. Although the resulting campaign demonstrated the sophistication of Western European combined operations, it failed with the Crusader army surrendering to the forces of Saladin's nephew, al-Kamil, in 1221. The Sixth Crusade, led by the cultured but excommunicated Western Emperor Frederick II, was a diplomatic exercise rather than a military expedition and resulted in the peaceful transfer of Jerusalem to Crusader sovereignty in 1229.

Between rival Muslim dynasties rather than between Muslims and alien outsiders. Though the feeble Crusader States and occasional Crusading expeditions from the West were drawn in, the Crusaders were now little more than pawns in a greater game. For their part the Mamluk rulers of Egypt and Syria recognised that these European enclaves on their left flank were a strategic danger and so decided to remove them once and for all. Meanwhile the Crusader States were weakened by internal quarrels between those supporting this or that nominal king of Jerusalem, between rival Italian merchant The fighting Arms and armour fragments from the ruins of the Great Palace in Istanbul (Constantinople), Byzantine 12th c e n t u r y .

It was right on the frontier of Islamic territory in Syria, with Crusader-held Afamiya to the north, an Ismail or 'Assassin' mini-state in the mountains to the west beyond which lay further Crusader territory. Only to the south and east lay normal Islamic territory and this was held by local TurcoSeljuk governors who were often at loggerheads with the Banu Munqidh. (David Nicolle photograph) 56 Essential Histories • The Crusades St George on a painted icon panel made in the Crusader States, probably in the late 13th century.

Download PDF sample

The Crusades: Islamic Perspectives by David Nicolle


by Richard
4.0

Rated 4.36 of 5 – based on 16 votes