By Peter Janich (auth.), Wolfgang Krohn, Edwin T. Layton Jr., Peter Weingart (eds.)
The interrelations of technology and expertise as an item of research appear to have drawn the eye of a few disciplines: the background of either technological know-how and know-how, sociology, economics and fiscal background, or even the philosophy of technology. The query that involves brain is whether or not the phenomenon itself is new or if advances within the disciplines concerned account for this novel curiosity, or, in reality, if either are intercon nected. while the editors got down to plan this quantity, their roughly particular conviction was once that the connection of technology and know-how did demonstrate a brand new configuration and that the disciplines focused on 1tS research failed no less than partially to house the switch as a result of conceptual and methodological preconceptions. to claim this doesn't mean a verdict at the insufficiency of 1 and the prevalence of the other one disciplinary method. particularly, the placement is way extra advanced. In economics, for instance, the curiosity within the dating among technological know-how and know-how is deeply prompted by means of the theoretical challenge of accounting for the criteria of monetary development. the first challenge is with know-how and the matter is whether or not the marketplace induces technological advances or whether or not they result in new calls for that designate the next diffusion of latest applied sciences. technology is mostly thought of to be an exogenous issue in a roundabout way topic to industry forces and, as a result, seems to be of no interest.
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Additional resources for The Dynamics of Science and Technology: Social Values, Technical Norms and Scientific Criteria in the Development of Knowledge
Vig has argued that the Fielden Committee's frank report and DSIR's follow-up campaign received much public attention and contributed to a growing consensus on need for further reform of education, management, and State support programs (68). By the early I 960s a Lubrication and Wear Group had been formed within the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, and it was within this group that some of the aforementioned problems were highlighted. Moreover it was at this time that science and technology became important issues in British politics (69).
A detailed argumentation proving this statement is given in P. Janich, Eindeutigkeit, Konsistenz und methodische Ordnung: normative versus deskriptive Wissenschaftstheorie zur Physik'. in F. Kambartel and J. ), Zum normativen Fundament der Wissenschaft, Frankfurt: Athenaum, 1973, pp. 131-158. An explicit critique of empiricist theories of metrization is developed in 'Protophysics of Time' (cf. Note 2). 5. The term 'protophysics' (although occurring already in the 16th century in different connections and senses) was first proposed by P.
In an attempt to remove the latter fetter, the working group thought it necessary to devise a new name. So, following consultations with the editors of the Supplement of the Oxford English Dictionary, 'tribology' - from the Greek 'tribos', meaning 'rubbing' - was decided upon and defined as: 'the science and technology of interacting surfaces in relative motion and of the practices related thereto'. In February 1966, responsibility for the mechanical engineering industries was assumed by the Ministry of Technology (71).
The Dynamics of Science and Technology: Social Values, Technical Norms and Scientific Criteria in the Development of Knowledge by Peter Janich (auth.), Wolfgang Krohn, Edwin T. Layton Jr., Peter Weingart (eds.)