The Scientific Marx by Daniel Little PDF

By Daniel Little

ISBN-10: 0816615055

ISBN-13: 9780816615056

The clinical Marx used to be first released in 1986. Minnesota Archive variations makes use of electronic know-how to make long-unavailable books once more obtainable, and are released unaltered from the unique collage of Minnesota Press editions.

Marx complicated Capital to the general public as a systematic clarification of the capitalist financial system, proceeding it to be evaluated via traditional criteria of medical adequacy. at the present time, besides the fact that, so much commentators emphasize Marx's humanism or his thought of ancient materialism over his clinical claims. The medical Marx hence represents a holiday with many present perspectives of Marx's research of capitalism in that it takes heavily his declare that Capital is a rigorous medical research of the capitalist mode of creation. Daniel Little discusses the most good points of Marx's account, utilising the instruments of latest philosophy of science.

He analyzes Marx's perspectives on concept and rationalization within the social sciences, the good judgment of Marx's empirical practices, the relation among Capital and historic materialism, the centrality of micro-foundations in Marx's research, and the minimum function that dialectics performs in his medical technique. all through, Little will depend on "evidence taken from Marx's genuine perform as a social scientist instead of from his particular methodological writings." The e-book contributes to present controversies within the literature of "analytic Marxism" joined through such authors as Jon Elster, G.A. Cohen, and John Roemer.

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And a fundamental error of classical political economy is its effort to represent the laws of capitalist production as eternal laws of nature: "The aim [of the political economist] . . is to present production . . as encased in eternal natural laws independent of history, at which opportunity bourgeois relations are then quietly smuggled in as the inviolable natural laws on which society in the abstract is founded" (Grundrisse, p. 87). Similar views occur in The Poverty of Philosophy: "When the economists say that present-day relations—the relations of bourgeois production—are natural, they imply that these are the relations in which wealth is created and productive forces developed in conformity with the laws of nature.

Therefore it would be as difficult to summarize the reconstructed theory as it is to summarize the whole of Capital; this reconstruction thus provides no useful theoretical economy. More important, however, this reconstruction badly misrepresents Marx's process of inquiry. The "unified-theory" model is illuminating in the natural sciences because in some important respect it reflects the process of investigation characteristic of physical science. Much research in the physical sciences takes the form of an experimental testing of the logical and mathematical consequences of a small set of theoretical assumptions.

Thus in The German Ideology Marx writes, "The premises from which we begin are not arbitrary ones, not dogmas, but real premises from which abstraction can only be made in the imagination. . These premises can thus be verified in a purely empirical way" (G7, p. 42). And similar views are contained 22 NATURALISM AND CAPITAL in his Notes on Adolph Wagner (TM, pp. 179-219), written in 1879-80. There Marx describes the logical character of his research. "In the first place I do not start out from 'concepts', hence I do not start out from 'the concept of value', and do not have 'to divide' these in any way.

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The Scientific Marx by Daniel Little

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